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Eriksson, Felix and Gustafsson, Erik and Malmberg, Karl and Martelius, Simon and Johansson, Simon and Johansson, Patrick and Stanowski, Michael, 2019. Uppvärmning av Almunge brandstation med pyrolys. First cycle, G2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Energy and Technology

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Abstract

This project has been carried out on the behalf of Ihus in collaboration with Stuns Energi. The goal was to find and model a solution based on the process of pyrolysis that can deliver enough heat to Almunge fire station while storing maximum amount of CO2 in the form of biochar. Two systems that primarily used waste heat from a pyrolysis reactor were studied. In one case a wood pellet boiler was used to cover peak load and the second system used a coal boiler that uses some of the coal produced in the reactor. The result shows that both solutions can theoretically deliver the required amount of heat and have lower emissions of carbon dioxide than the current method of heat generation used on the property, a wood pellet boiler. A model of the system that uses a coal boiler shows that it, under a period of one year, releases 5 % more CO2, has a 60 % higher amount of unused waste heat, and consumes 22 % more substrate per month than the system that uses a wood pellet burner. However, the coal boiler resulted in 18 % higher in biochar production, potentially 33 % more coal bound if the produced biochar is used as a carbon sink, and 18 % higher economical value after 20 years.

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Detta projekt har genomf¨orts p˚a best¨allning av Ihus i samarbete med Stuns Energi. Det gick ut p˚a att hitta och modellera en energil¨osning, baserad p˚a en pyrolysprocess, som f¨orser en brandstation i Almunge med den v¨arme stationen kr¨aver p˚a m˚anadsbasis samtidigt som maximal m¨angd CO2 binds i form av biokol. Tv˚a system som prim¨art anv¨ander spillv¨arme fr˚an en pyrolysreaktor i uppv¨armningssyftet togs fram. I ena fallet anv¨ands en pelletspanna f¨or att t¨acka de effekttopparna som kan uppst˚a och det andra systemet anv¨ander sig av en kolpanna som matas med kolet fr˚an pyrolysprocessen. Resultatet visar att b˚ada l¨osningar kan teoretiskt leverera den m¨angden v¨arme fastigheten kr¨aver och har l¨agre utsl¨app av koldioxid ¨ an den nuvarande d¨ar fastigheten endast v¨arms upp av en pelletspanna. Systemet som anv¨ander sig av kolpannan visade sig under ett ˚ars period sl¨appa ut 5 % mer CO2, har 60 % st¨orre andel av ej utnyttjad spillv¨arme och konsumerar 22 % mer substrat per m˚anad ¨an systemet med pelletspannan men kompenserade det med 18 % h¨ogre produktion av biokol, potentiellt 33 % st¨orre m¨angd kol som binds om biokolet anv¨ands som kols¨anka och 18 % h¨ogre ekonomiskt v¨arde efter 20 ˚ar.

Main title:Uppvärmning av Almunge brandstation med pyrolys
Authors:Eriksson, Felix and Gustafsson, Erik and Malmberg, Karl and Martelius, Simon and Johansson, Simon and Johansson, Patrick and Stanowski, Michael
Supervisor:Nordberg, Åke
Examiner:Ljungberg, David
Series:Examensarbete / Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU
Volume/Sequential designation:2019:11
Year of Publication:2019
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:TES2Y Energy Systems Engineering 300 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Keywords:biokol, trädgårdsavfall, brandstation, värmeförsörjning, jordförbättringsmedel, pyrolysreaktor
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-10914
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-10914
Subjects:Energy resources management
Renewable energy resources
Processing of agricultural wastes
Language:Swedish
Deposited On:17 Sep 2019 13:07
Metadata Last Modified:29 May 2020 11:49

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