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Gichamo, Tesfanesh Zekiwos, 2011. Dispute or residing together in harmony? : bean cultivation and theft in rural Ethiopia . Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

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Abstract

Previous studies in Beseku Ilala peasant association, South Central Ethiopia, have disclosed decreasing soil fertility in the area, a consequence of non-existent crop rotation practices, where a nitrogen-fixing legume, the faba bean (Vicia faba) is of particular interest. Widespread theft has resulted in the abandoning of bean cultivation. In order to solve this problem, the communities agreed to formulate by-laws, utilizing an existing local institution (Iddir) for the implementation. The people belonging to Iddir help members who mourn the death of a family member or a close relative. The aims of these by-laws were to punish the thieves and to urge and support farmers to start growing beans again. Most farmers had subsequently resumed bean cultivation, but in some areas farmers had refrained from growing the bean again.

The present study examined the factors affecting the adoption of bean reintroduction in Beseku Ilala peasant association. A cross sectional survey was conducted by means of purposive and snowball sampling. The techniques utilized were individual interviews, key informant interviews and focus group discussions, using open-ended and closed questionnaires. The results revealed that the main factors influencing the adoption of bean cultivation were villagization or community re-location, fear of conflict, small land holdings, population growth, migration, and lack of women participating in decision-making. In addition, unemployment, poverty, and delinquent behaviours were also revealed to be contributing factors, as drivers of bean theft. The results suggest that youth employment and gender participation, particularly in key decision-making processes, are crucial to institute in order to accomplish reduced poverty.

Main title:Dispute or residing together in harmony?
Subtitle:bean cultivation and theft in rural Ethiopia
Authors:Gichamo, Tesfanesh Zekiwos
Supervisor:Chiwona-Karltun, Linley and Karltun, Erik and Lemenih, Mulugeta and Tolera, Motuma
Examiner: Bartholdson, Örjan
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM009 Rural Development and Natural Resource Management - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:Conflict, Faba Bean, Institutions, Livelihood, Theft, Villagization
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-838
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-838
Subjects:Agricultural research
Rural sociology and social security
Language:English
Deposited On:02 Jan 2012 13:36
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:24

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