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Luo, Xun , 2011. Torrefaction of biomass : a comparative and kinetic study of thermal decomposition for Norway spruce stump, poplar and fuel tree chips. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Energy and Technology

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Abstract

Stump biomass is energy rich and stump harvesting for use as fuel become more and more
interesting in Sweden. Swedish Forest Agency (2009) has estimated that stump harvesting in
Sweden would respond to an annual energy supply of 57 TWh/year. However, stump has not
been recognized as a bioenergy resource in Sweden. Suitable methods for pre-treatment of
stump are probably of great importance to make it accepted as fuel. It is therefore rewarding
to carry out an investigation in this area for stump.

This report represents results from a diploma project, which was aimed to develop a fixed bed
reactor for experimental study of biomass torrefaction, followed by TG analysis and kinetic
modelling employing Ozawa method and different kinetic models including one-step and
three-pseudo-component models. The focus was on Norway spruce stump. Two other types of
biomass, poplar and fuel tree chips were also included in the study for comparison.

The study has demonstrated that fuel properties, including heating values and grindability of
the investigated biomasses, were improved by torrefaction. The heating rate affects the
thermal decomposition process. In addition, SEM analysis indicated that the wood surface
structure was broken and destroyed by torrefaction process. Activation energy of untreated
and torrefied biomass were determined, being in good agreement with data in the literature.
Among the kinetic models tested, three-pseudo-components model with reaction order n ≠ 1
appears to be the best for simulating pyrolysis of untreated and torrefied biomass.

Main title:Torrefaction of biomass
Subtitle:a comparative and kinetic study of thermal decomposition for Norway spruce stump, poplar and fuel tree chips
Authors:Luo, Xun
Supervisor:Tran, Khanh-Quang
Examiner:Johansson, Tord and Jirjis, Raida
Series:Examensarbete (Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU)
Volume/Sequential designation:2011:09
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:TENSY Energy Systems Engineering (admitted before July 1, 2007) 270 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Keywords:torrefaction, biomass, poplar, Fuel Tree Chips (FTC), stump, heating value, grindability, Kinetic study, activation energy, pre-exponential factor, reaction order, Scanning Electric Microscope(SEM)
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-609
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-609
Subjects:Processing of forest products
Renewable energy resources
Technology
Language:English
Deposited On:14 Sep 2011 09:03
Metadata Last Modified:06 Oct 2012 15:42

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