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Stennemark, Veronika, 2011. Lungmask och löpmagsnematod hos nötkreatur. First cycle, G2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management

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Abstract

Infection with intestinal parasites can in many cases be the reason for decreased performance or production. The gastro-intestinal nematode, Ostertagia ostertagi, and the lungworm, Dictyocaulus viviparus, are the most pathogenic nematodes of cattle and severe infection can lead to death. They have both a direct lifecycle and on the pasture the parasites spread as freeliving worms. The parasites are mainly a problem for the first season grazers. They have not developed immunity against the parasites and are therefor more sensitive to parasite infections. The level of exposure that the first season grazers are subjected to determine the immunity to parasite infections in the second season grazers. A major alternative to anthelmintic treatment for preventive use, particulary in organic production, is a well adapted grazing system. A good grazing system is also important to reduce the use of anthelmintic drugs and reduce the risk that the parasites develop resistance to the anthelmintic substance. The parasites can overwinter both on pasture and in the host. They overwinter as inhibited larvae or as infective third stage of larvae. It is the overwintered larvae who infects the animals at turn-out in the spring. Few studies have been performed on their ability to survive in silage, but the few studies done show that after three months there appeer to be no infective larvae left. Silage which has been stored for three months are free from parasites and can therefor be used as feed to the animals.

Main title:Lungmask och löpmagsnematod hos nötkreatur
Authors:Stennemark, Veronika
Supervisor:Pauly, Thomas
Examiner:Spörndly, Eva
Series:Examensarbete - Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för husdjurens utfodring och vård
Volume/Sequential designation:348
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:VY001 Agricultural Science Programme - Animal Science 270 HEC
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Keywords:lungmask, Dictycaulus viviparus, löpmagsnematod, Ostertagia ostertagi
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-406
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-406
Subjects:Pests of animals
Animal diseases
Language:Swedish
Deposited On:30 Jun 2011 08:34
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:21

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