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Le, Thi Hong Phuong, 2011. Climate change and farmers' adaptation : a case study of mixed farming systems in the coastal areas in Trieu Van commune, Trieu Phong district, Quang Tri province, Vietnam. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

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Abstract

The objectives of this research are (1) to describe and analyze science and local perceptions on long-term changes in temperature, precipitation and drought, (2) to assess impact of drought on mixed farming system, various farm-level adaptation measures and capacity of community to drought adaptation. The study was conducted in a coastal commune, named Trieu Van commune in Trieu Phong district, Quang Tri province. Data and information were collected using in depth interview, group discussion and questionnaire with 59 households. The findings showed that drought heavily influenced daily livelihood of local people in the study area. The statistical analysis of the climate data showed that temperature and drought has been increased over the years. Precipitation was characterized by large inter-annual variability and a decreased amount during summer. Farmers’ perceptions on temperature and precipitation as well as drought were consistent with trends found in climatic data records. Agricultural land and water resources were affected increasingly and negatively by drought. The indicators of these negative impacts are: the reduction of yields and quality of products of crops, livestock, and aquaculture due to increasing pests and diseases. As a result, production costs are increased.

The study has also shown how local farmers have made significant efforts to implement adaptation measures to drought and to its impacts. Several farming adaptation options were found, such as using drought-tolerant varieties and local breeds; 42.3% of surveyed households applied VAC(R) model; adjusting seasonal calendar and scale of crops, livestock and fish production (100% interviewed farmers applied this); intercropping, rotational cultivation and diversifying crops and animals in the farm; changing land preparation and mulch techniques in crop production as well as techniques in livestock and fish management. Finding alternative livelihood options and migration were found as important adaptation options. Access to natural resource, supports from policies and non-government organizations, farming experiences, forest planting and potential livestock production development, are the main conditions and potentials to manage and adapt to drought. Several difficulties for scaling up the options found include: Poor sandy land, lacking irrigation system, lacking of financial support, low capacity of agricultural staff creating barrier to access to the extension service and transfer technology; lack of policies mechanism to support research and development technologies, appropriate to the changing local context due to climate change.

Main title:Climate change and farmers' adaptation
Subtitle:a case study of mixed farming systems in the coastal areas in Trieu Van commune, Trieu Phong district, Quang Tri province, Vietnam
Authors:Le, Thi Hong Phuong
Supervisor:Hoang, Minh Ha and Le, Dinh Phung
Examiner:Pain, Adam and Beckman, Malin
Series:Master Thesis / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Urban and Rural Development
Volume/Sequential designation:52
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NU002 Rural Development, Livelihoods and Natural Resource Management in Vietnam - Master's Programme (contract education) 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:climate change, drought, agriculture, impact, adaptation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-1007
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-1007
Subjects:Agricultural research
Water resources and management
Language:English
Deposited On:11 Mar 2011 08:49
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:18

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