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Rozenbeek, Elsa, 2023. Weather you like it or not : pre-season yield forecasting of malting barley with climate markers.. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Crop Production Ecology



Different means of yield forecasting have been investigated in many publications, although very few with a focus on pre-season forecasting. Climate change and the increasing risk of extreme weather events is a threat to food production, and early yield predictions could therefore be beneficial for farmer’s planning and management as a way towards more resilient food production. This thesis aims to explore if yield forecasting of malting barley in Southern Sweden can be done using climate markers of weather occurring during the 60 days before the beginning of the cropping season. Data from field trials, conducted between 1999 and 2018 and acquired from NTFS and SLU Fältforsk, were used as experimental data to calibrate and evaluate the CERES-Barley crop model. Three cultivars were used: Astoria, Irina and Propino. The model input additionally consisted of weather data from AgERA5 and soil profiles from ISRIC that were connected to the field trial sites. The climate markers and the simulated mean yields were tested with a linear mixed model analysis and a Pearson chi-square test in RStudio. The crop model was successfully calibrated, with Astoria being the best cultivar to mirror observed yields from different years and locations in Sweden. The results indicated, however, that none of the analysed climate markers during the 60 days prior to the beginning of the cropping season was able to explain malting barley yields, highlighting the difficulty in making early yield forecasts. One hypothesis for this lack of explanatory power from the climate markers on the yield of spring malting barley is that the effect of precipitation in the 60 days before the beginning of the cropping season is buffered by winter and early spring, when soils are usually at or close to field capacity.

Main title:Weather you like it or not
Subtitle:pre-season yield forecasting of malting barley with climate markers.
Authors:Rozenbeek, Elsa
Supervisor:Lana, Marcos
Examiner:Vico, Giulia
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2023
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NY011 Agricutural programme - Soil/Plant, 300.0hp
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Crop Production Ecology
Keywords:Yield forecasting, extreme weather, pre-season forecasting, climate markers, climate predictors, climate patterns, model calibration, DSSAT, crop model
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Deposited On:21 Dec 2023 09:00
Metadata Last Modified:22 Dec 2023 02:01

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