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Karlsson, Lisa, 2021. Fire shed light : a narrative analysis of how media framed the 2018 wildfires in Sweden. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

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Wildfires present a growing risk to communities at a global scale. The 2018 wildfires in Sweden were mentioned as the worst emergency in modern history, where several rural villages were forced to evacuation. Media holds a significant role in constructing narratives about wildfires as these are likely to influence agenda setting and thus also policy-making processes that shape future responses to fire. This study therefore aims to shed light on how local and national newspapers framed the 2018 wildfires that encircled the village of Kårböle and forced all of its residents to evacuate, by seeking for salient and silenced narratives in news articles written during and in the aftermath of the wildfires. By employing a qualitative narrative analysis inspired by Narrative Policy Framework, combined with concepts derived from critical discourse analysis, this thesis shows how media constructed the wildfire as an emerging crisis which manifests certain human-nature relations and identity representations. The salient narratives illustrate how media enhances humans as external to nature and reinforces traditional gender divisions of labour in relation to wildfire management. Meanwhile, narratives concerning the socio-natural context in terms of modern forestry practices and rurality are largely silenced. These findings suggest that media reinforces the common response to wildfires whereby humans seek to control nature and traditional gender roles are maintained. The implication of these findings is that media fails to acknowledge other structural responses to wildfires which could contribute to more adaptive approaches to wildfires, and thus more resilient communities, in the future.

Main title:Fire shed light
Subtitle:a narrative analysis of how media framed the 2018 wildfires in Sweden
Authors:Karlsson, Lisa
Supervisor:González Hidalgo, Marien
Examiner:Pettersson, Katarina
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2021
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NY009 Agriculture Programme - Rural Development 300 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:wildfires, rural, Sweden, media narratives, human-nature relations, gender, policy
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Forest injuries and protection
Deposited On:27 Oct 2021 10:55
Metadata Last Modified:28 Oct 2021 01:14

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