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Hartmann, Antonia, 2021. Greenhouse gas emissions from compacted peat soil. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Soil and Environment

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Abstract

Cultivated peat soils are a main driver for CO2 and N2O emissions, while the gas fluxes are dependent on
intrinsic soil properties and land use. Sand addition into peat soils might reduce greenhouse gas (GHG)
emissions and enhance soil strength, and thus the ability to tolerate soil compaction. Soil compaction due
to vehicular traffic leads to a decrease in aeration and changes in water flow, which might alter microbial
activity and gas flow. The goal of this thesis was to investigate how soil compaction with different
stress levels and sand addition affect soil physical properties and GHG emissions of peat soils. Incubator
measurements three days before and after compaction were used to analyze the effect of soil compaction,
which was conducted in a uniaxial compression machine. Furthermore, a new method was developed to
observe the dynamics of gas fluxes during compaction. Field measurements complemented the laboratory
study to determine the effect of sand addition. The compressive behaviour of peat soils was examined
using the compression (Cc) and recompression index (Cs) which are measures for soil compressibility and
rebound after stress release. This study shows reduction of CO2 emissions after compaction. However,
this effect might be due to the high initial water-filled pore space and at lower water contents, compaction
might have the opposite effect on GHG emissions. Higher mechanical loading had an effect on CO2 fluxes,
while the trend was unclear and seems to be dependent on water content. Methane fluxes were below
the detection limit and compaction might lead to hot moments in N2O emission. Sand addition reduced
CO2 emissions and influenced the compressive behaviour of peat soils by reducing soil compressibility but
also rebound. Linear relationships between soil mechanical properties and initial void ratio were found,
indicating the high dependency of mechanical behaviour on intrinsic soil properties. In conclusion, sand
addition might be a good agricultural management practise for cultivated peat soils, while the impact of
soil compaction on GHG emissions under different moisture regimes has to be further assessed. This pilot
study, emphasizes a need of further research to improve understanding the influencing factors of vehicular
traffic as well as sand addition on GHG emissions and soil mechanical properties of cultivated peat soils.

Main title:Greenhouse gas emissions from compacted peat soil
Authors:Hartmann, Antonia
Supervisor:Berglund, Örjan and Iseskog, Daniel and Jordan, Sabine and Streck, Thilo
Examiner:Lindahl, Björn
Series:Examensarbeten / Institutionen för mark och miljö, SLU
Volume/Sequential designation:2021:10
Year of Publication:2021
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM025 EnvEuro - European Master in Environmental Science 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Keywords:carbon dioxide, compression index, Peatland agriculture, recompression index, sand addition, soil compaction
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-17294
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-17294
Subjects:Soil science and management
Language:English
Deposited On:08 Oct 2021 08:15
Metadata Last Modified:12 Oct 2021 01:01

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