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Näsbom, Linda, 2020. Pelagic fish oil : methods for extraction and purification. First cycle, G2E. Uppsala: SLU, Department of Molecular Sciences

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Abstract

The Pelagic fishes are a wide group of fishes that live in the open water. They could be divided in
two groups depending on the size, the small forage fishes and the large predators. These fishes swim
regularly and have muscles with high lipid content. There are two types of muscles in the fish. The
red muscle that are used for slow and medium speed. The white muscle is used in high speed.
Fish oil are extracted using different techniques. Wet pressing uses four steps. Cooking, pressing,
decantation and centrifugation. It is a traditional method. Solvent extraction is performed with
organic solvents. Supercritical fluid extraction uses the properties of the supercritical fluid to extract
different substances. Enzymatic extraction uses the enzymes to break down the structure of the fish.
Fishes are also a good source of healthy polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoicand
docosahexaenoic acid. Pollutants in the water easily end up in the fish. These substances
accumulate in food chain and are poisonous for humans.
The crude oil contains impurities and has to be purified before consumption. There are several
steps and methods to perform the purification. One common method is degumming, neutralization,
bleaching, deodorization and winterization. These steps remove phospholipids, free fatty acids,
metals, pigments, ions, metallic complexes, oxidation product and waxes. A combination of
activated carbon and supercritical fluid extraction could remove pollutants with 100 %. Urea
fractionation, chromatography and molecular distillation are methods to concentrate the refined oil.

Main title:Pelagic fish oil
Subtitle:methods for extraction and purification
Authors:Näsbom, Linda
Supervisor:Pickova, Jana
Examiner:Sampels, Sabine
Series:Molecular Sciences
Volume/Sequential designation:2020:12
Year of Publication:2020
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:NY010 Agronomprogrammet - livsmedel, för antagna fr.o.m. 2016 300 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Molecular Sciences
Keywords:Pelagic fish, muscle, lipids, fish oil, pollution, purification, extraction.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-16004
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-16004
Subjects:Food science and technology
Language:English
Deposited On:15 Sep 2020 08:10
Metadata Last Modified:16 Sep 2020 01:02

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