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Ahlander, Susanne, 2007. Are trees on islands more exposed to lightning-strokes than trees at mainland?. SLU, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Alnarp. Alnarp: SLU, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

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Abstract

All vegetation is subject to different kinds of disturbances. Before human
intervention, lightning strikes were the principal natural cause of ignition in
conifer dominated European forests (Gromtsev 2002; Granström 2001).
Spatial variation in strokes can provide valuable information about fire
regimes in the past, but is not very well investigated. It has been claimed that
ignition occurs more often on islands in lakes, than in corresponding habitat in
mainland. The isolation and/or elevation would thus contribute to the high
susceptibility to lightning strikes on islands. There may also be a difference in
the attraction of lightning by different tree species.
In this study, approximately 200 ha forest were investigated for lightning scars
in trees on islands in the lake Allgunnen, and on adjacent mainland. To discover
potential differences in scars distribution between the areas, the scars were
classified into three categories according to the degree of certainty of lightning
being the cause of the scar, "confident", "likely" and "uncertain lightning scars".
More scars were found on islands (37.9/100ha) than in mainland (25.6/100ha).
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) was incomparably the most frequently damaged
species accordingly to tree species distribution in the investigated areas, being
struck relatively more than other species. The findings suggest that there may be
a difference in lightning strikes in trees on islands in lake Allgunnen compared
to trees in corresponding mainland areas. And there may, as well, exist
preferences in lightning-scars distribution on different tree species.

Main title:Are trees on islands more exposed to lightning-strokes than trees at mainland?
Authors:Ahlander, Susanne
Supervisor:UNSPECIFIED
Examiner:UNSPECIFIED
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för sydsvensk skogsvetenskap
Volume/Sequential designation:95
Year of Publication:2007
Level and depth descriptor:Other
Student's programme affiliation:Other
Department:(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Keywords:lightning strikes, lightning scars, islands, pinus sylvestris, quercus robur, betula sp.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-7623
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-7623
Subjects:SLU > (S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Forest injuries and protection
Language:English
Deposited On:09 Oct 2017 08:52
Metadata Last Modified:09 Oct 2017 08:52

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