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Koldioxidavgång vid ekologisk odling på organogen jord

Wall, Martina, 2011. Koldioxidavgång vid ekologisk odling på organogen jord. First cycle, G2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Soil and Environment

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Abstract

The background of this work is the media discussion about the effect of cultivation on peat soils on greenhouse gas emissions. It has been argued that row sown and intensively cultivated crops such as carrots are more likely to emit carbon dioxide than for example grass leys. The association KRAV (an association promoting organic farming) shall, from this year adapt their environmental policy to be more climate smart and have asked the question if the cultivation of some crops is more climate smart than others? Carbon dioxide emissions from soil are due to degradation of organic material and the rate is controlled by microbial activity. The microbial activity is determined by a variety of factors such as temperature, soil organic matter quality and water content. I have measured the carbon dioxide emission from four different crops at two different farms. At Åloppe which is an organic farm, I have compared carbon dioxide emission from grass leys and carrot grown on peat soil. At Ekhaga which is SLU's experimental farm for organic farming; I have compared spring wheat and potatoes grown on gyttja soil. The results show no significant difference in carbon dioxide emissions when growing these crops on organic soils. The emission levels where the same on both soil types. The amount of water in the soil and the temperature affect the carbon dioxide emission but the results are very uncertain. Biological systems usually have a peak activity range when all environmental factors are optimized, and so does this system. A moderate amount of water and air in the soil and a high enough soil temperature resulted in the highest carbon emission. I also studied how the above-ground biomass reflects the underground biomass, knowledge that can be used to get an idea of the crop root respiration. Because carbon dioxide emissions depend on many factors, you need to have a comprehensive view on cultivation practices. With an open mind you can go far in today's environmentally conscious society.

Main title:Koldioxidavgång vid ekologisk odling på organogen jord
Authors:Wall, Martina
Supervisor:Berglund, Kerstin and Norberg, Lisbet and Berglund, Örjan
Examiner:Kätterer, Thomas
Series:Examensarbeten (Institutionen för mark och miljö, SLU)
Volume/Sequential designation:2011:11
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:1010A Agriculture Programme (admitted before July 1, 2007) 270 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Keywords:mulljord, koldioxidavgång, ekologisk odling, miljödebatt, biomassaproduktion, biologiska system
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-103
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-103
Subjects:Agricultural research
Crop husbandry
Soil science and management
Language:Swedish
Deposited On:05 May 2011 07:03
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:19

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