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Isakson, Alberto, 2016. A critical perspective on ecological unequal exchange, dependency and development : the case of Chile. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development



Chile is strongly interconnected to the global markets through its trade relations. From a
monetary perspective the country has shown an outstanding trade performance, having an
equilibrated trade balance, avoiding debts and even presenting periods with high surplus.
Nonetheless, the products Chile trade have embodied great social and ecological impacts.
Thus, from a social and ecological perspective, Chile’s positive trade performance is being
challenged. Ecological Unequal Exchange (EUE) is a theory that precisely analyses these
dimensions in trade. However, EUE has several limitations that must be discussed and
overpassed. This thesis, through a deep theoretical discussion and a detailed empirical
study on Chile’s trade relations between 1960 and 2014, builds a critical analysis to EUE
theory and its accuracy in explaining the issues related to trade and its consequences for the
trading countries. This study concludes that depending on the EUE approach used, Chile
can have or not have EUE relations. Furthermore, this thesis shows that strict-approaches
to EUE fall short in explaining the complex interactions and consequences of trade.
Therefore, a critical or relative-EUE approach is proposed, emphasising the impacts global
relations has on local realities to understand the consequences of trade and achieve a more
sustainable development.

Main title:A critical perspective on ecological unequal exchange, dependency and development
Subtitle:the case of Chile
Authors:Isakson, Alberto
Supervisor:Alarcón Ferrari, Cristián
Examiner:Hansen, Hans Peter
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2016
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM011 Sustainable Development - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:Ecological Unequal Exchange, Sustainable Development, Development, Political Ecology, International Trade, Chile, Dependency Theory, Interdependency
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Trade, marketing and distribution
International trade
Deposited On:08 Jul 2016 11:25
Metadata Last Modified:11 Jul 2016 07:35

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