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Rudin, Johan, 2016. Barriers effect on lotic fish fauna. Second cycle, A2E. Drottningholm: SLU, Department of Aqatic Resources

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Abstract

Barriers in running (lotic) waters are known to have serious impacts on fish fauna that would
otherwise naturally colonialize them. The two most important effects barriers have on lotic fish
fauna are the blockage of fish migration routes and the reduction of water velocity. These effects
can in turn change the conditions for survival for species using lotic habitats. In this study I have
investigated how barriers effect lotic fish fauna and whether the number of barriers blocking a
river section from a migration pool is an important factor affecting these communities. To
investigate this, a specially designed net, The Nordic multi-mesh Stream Survey Net (NSSN), for
lotic watercourses was used to sample fish in the Swedish river Hedströmmen during July 2015.
The number of species caught in the net was noted, the number of individuals per species
counted, and in addition the body length was measured for European perch (Perca fluviatilis). In
contrast to our predictions, number of species did not differ between unblocked and blocked
sections in the river. However, there were differences in abundance (i.e. total number of
individuals), although species differed in this respect. Seven out of the total eleven species were
unevenly distributed between the two site categories (blocked and unblocked), in general
showing a greater abundance in unblocked sites, thus following the predictions of this study. For
European perch there were also differences in body length between the sites, with mean length
being larger in blocked sites, proving different ecological implications depending on whether the
site is obstructed or not. These results thus indicate that many fish species in lotic waters are
affected by barriers.

Main title:Barriers effect on lotic fish fauna
Authors:Rudin, Johan
Supervisor:Fjälling, Arne and Degerman, Erik
Examiner:Petersson, Erik
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2016
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:None
Department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Aqatic Resources
Keywords:migration barriers,, Lotic fish fauna
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-5304
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-5304
Subjects:Geography
Forestry production
Language:English
Deposited On:26 Apr 2016 12:50
Metadata Last Modified:26 Apr 2016 12:50

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