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Thored, Kristin, 2010. Downward migration and transfer to plants of radiocaesium in Scottish soil profiles : a comparison with earlier studies . Second cycle, A1E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Soil and Environment

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Abstract

Following the accident at the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl in 1986, great volumes of
137Cs were distributed over large parts of the former Soviet Union and Europe. Over Scotland,
radiocaesium was deposited as wet deposition. Due to the relatively long physical half-life of
30 years, there are still measurable activity concentrations in the natural environment. This
study was made on two organic soils, Knockandy Hill and Rora Moss, situated in the eastern
part of the central highlands of Scotland. At these two sites, studies on migration and transfer
between soil and plants were conducted. The aim of the thesis was to present the current state
of radiocaesium in the Scottish soils and to compare these data with data from earlier studies,
however, it was difficult to make any implications from this study due to variations in
sampling techniques. Another aim was to study the transfer of 137Cs from soil to plant.
Caesium resembles potassium and is readily fixed to clay minerals in the soil and weakly
bound to organic matter. Plants have a difficulty in discriminating between the two elements,
hence the uptake of caesium can be considerable. This study has, in accordance with other
similar studies, shown that the transfer of radiocaesium to heather (Calluna vulgaris) is
significantly higher than the transfer to different grass species. Concerning the movement of
caesium in the soils no significant difference could be found between the two organic soils.
Their migration depths were 8.2 and 8.8 cm and their migration rates were 0.36 and 0.39 cm
y-1 for Knockandy Hill and Rora Moss, respectively.

Main title:Downward migration and transfer to plants of radiocaesium in Scottish soil profiles
Subtitle:a comparison with earlier studies
Authors:Thored, Kristin
Supervisor:Rosén, Klas and Shand, Charlie and Vinichuk, Mykhailo
Examiner:Eriksson, Jan
Series:Examensarbeten (Institutionen för mark och miljö, SLU)
Volume/Sequential designation:2010:01
Year of Publication:2010
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A1E
Student's programme affiliation:NBMMP Natural Resources Programme - Biology and Soil Science 240 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Keywords:Radiocaesium, migration rate, migration depth, transfer factors, deposition, Scotland
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-439
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-439
Subjects:Soil chemistry and physics
Pollution
Soil science and management
Language:English
Deposited On:26 Feb 2010 07:35
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:11

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