Home About Browse Search

Paul, Elisabeth, 2014. Pregnancy detection in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) : comparison of transrectal ultrasound, abdominal palpation and herders' visual cues in late gestation. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management (until 231231)



Pregnancy detection during late gestation (last trimester) in domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) gives the possibility to select and enclose the pregnant
reindeer during calving as protection against predation. The aim of the present study was to compare transrectal ultrasonography and palpation, and also to describe visual
examination as traditionally used by herders as pregnancy detection methods in reindeer.

In all, 1107 female reindeer were tested for pregnancy with ultrasound in April 2013 and April 2014. 207 from these females were tested with palpation in April 2014. In 2013
ultrasound showed an apparent pregnancy prevalence of 83.1% and a calving rate of 88.3%. In 2014 two tests, ultrasound (US) and palpation (PALP) were conducted independently. Females with an unclear or negative pregnancy result were re-examined by both methods. Observed calving rate was 93.0%. Accuracy for both evaluations was 94.2% (US) and 97.7% (PALP), with sensitivity of 95% (US) and 98.8% (PALP). Both methods showed good results, however palpation was slightly more accurate than ultrasound. Both test outcomes increased to a specificity of 100% and a positive
predictive value of 100% when combining the two methods. Hence, combination of both methods and re-examination were found to increase correct test outcomes. Two herders were asked to describe their indicators for visual evaluation of pregnancy. The indicators differed between the herders, but both looked for changes in abdominal and inguinal anatomy. Accuracy was not calculated. However, herders seemed to associate high body weights with pregnancy.

Main title:Pregnancy detection in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus)
Subtitle:comparison of transrectal ultrasound, abdominal palpation and herders' visual cues in late gestation
Authors:Paul, Elisabeth
Supervisor:Skarin, Anna and Åhman, Birgitta and Ågren, Erik O.
Examiner:Holtenius, Kjell
Series:Examensarbete / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för husdjurens utfodring och vård
Volume/Sequential designation:500
Year of Publication:2014
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:Other
Supervising department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management (until 231231)
Keywords:reindeer, pregnancy, ultrasonography, palpation, visual examination, herders predation
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Animal husbandry
Animal physiology - Reproduction
Deposited On:30 Sep 2014 15:36
Metadata Last Modified:06 Aug 2015 23:15

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics