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Magalam, Raghavendra, 2014. Interaction between dopamine and octopamine in Drosophila melanogaster brain. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Microbiology

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Abstract

Dopamine and octopamine, a possible analogue of noradrenaline, are among a few neurotransmitters which play a crucial role in several physiological processes. Dopamine participates in learning, memory and in reward, whereas, octopamine participates in egg laying, fight and flight response and also exhorts aggressive behaviour. Researchers had demonstrated that dopaminergic signalling can act antagonistic to octopamine in Caenorhabditis elegans. When C. elegans was fed, it exhibit sleep and reward emotions, due to the production of Dopamine. Conversely, when animals were subjected to fasting, they have produced octopamine, by suppressing dopamine signalling, and this lead to CREB activation, which eventually resulted in longevity of C. elegans (Suo et al.2009). These observations illustrate the need to investigate the dopamine and octopamine interactions and their effects on longevity in another model organism, Drosophila melanogaster. To carry out my investigation, two dopamine receptors (DopR1 and DopR2) in octopaminergic neurons (neurons where their primary transmitter is octopamine) were knocked down and the insect’s social behaviour as well as longevity was monitored. Based upon my study, I conclude that the cessation of dopamine receptors may not result in longevity of D. melanogaster, instead the starvation resistance of DopR2 knockdown flies was reduced when compared to DopR1 knockdown flies and wild type flies. However, it was observed that DopR2 knockdown flies showed increased aggressive behaviour, decreased male-male courtship and reduced activity when compared to wild type flies.

Main title:Interaction between dopamine and octopamine in Drosophila melanogaster brain
Authors:Magalam, Raghavendra
Supervisor:Blomqvist, Johanna and Williams, Michael
Examiner:Passoth, Volkmar
Series:Examensarbete / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för mikrobiologi
Volume/Sequential designation:2014:2
Year of Publication:2014
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM003 Biotechnology - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Microbiology
Keywords:Dopamine, Octopamine, Octopaminergic Neurons, CREB(cAMP response element binding protein), DopR1 (Dopamine receptor 1) , and DopR2 (dopamine receptor 2), Yw flies (genetic markers), UAS/GALV4 system, Tdc2 neurons (Tyrosine decarboylase 2)
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-3169
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-3169
Subjects:Life sciences
Language:English
Deposited On:02 Apr 2014 12:04
Metadata Last Modified:02 Apr 2014 12:04

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