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Lundgren, Karin, 2013. Användning av smärtskala på marsvin – experimentell studie i klinikmiljö. First cycle, G2E. Skara: SLU, Dept. of Animal Environment and Health



Assessing and measuring post-operative pain in all animals is a challenge, but doing it in small mammals, for example guinea pigs, presents an even larger difficulty. Validated pain scales developed for use in dogs in clinical practice are currently available, but no such scale has been widely accepted for use in guinea pigs in the veterinary setting. In this experimental study, six guinea pigs that had undergone surgery and anaesthesia were observed for behavioural changes that could be associated with pain. The six guinea pigs were also given pain scores with the use of Colorado State University Feline Acute Pain Scale (CSU-APSF), a scale which uses both behaviour when not handled, body tension and response to palpation to evaluate pain intensity. The six guinea pigs showed a number of different behaviours, for example rigid posture, fixed stare and “wet dog response” (the body is vigourosly shaken), that could be associated with pain. The pain scale was able to acknowledge some of these signs; guinea pigs were given pain scores from three different levels in the five-level scale. However, the scale was not able to discover subtle changes in the guinea pigs’ behaviour, such as stiffening upon palpation. This could explain why the scale did not differentiate all five pain levels. Also, the scale included some signs of pain that the guinea pigs did not show, for example aggression or vocalization. As a conclusion, a suggestion for a new pain scale is presented. This modified pain scale includes some of the behavioural changes the guinea pigs in this study showed, that in litterature and previous studies are considered signs of pain, and excludes those behaviours that did not correlate with the guinea pigs’ actual behaviour. More research is needed to validate the suggested pain scale, and to confirm certain behaviours as pain-related.

Main title:Användning av smärtskala på marsvin – experimentell studie i klinikmiljö
Authors:Lundgren, Karin
Supervisor:Skog, Malin
Examiner:Yngvesson, Jenny
Series:Studentarbete / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för husdjurens miljö och hälsa
Volume/Sequential designation:468
Year of Publication:2013
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:VK003 Veterinary Nursing - Bachelor's programme 180 HEC
Supervising department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Environment and Health
Keywords:marsvin, smärtbeteende, smärtskala, smärtbedömning, smärta
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
Deposited On:15 Aug 2013 06:57
Metadata Last Modified:15 Aug 2013 06:57

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