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Jordà Guerra, Helena , 2013. Benchmarking a random forest for predicting preferential flow in soils. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Soil and Environment

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Abstract

Preferential flow processes are important to fully understand flow and solute transport in the vadose zone and implement adequate management practices.

Physical models are difficult to use at large scales to predict soil susceptibility to preferential flow. Instead, pedotransfer functions might be applied. The strength
of preferential flow can be measured by the relative 5% arrival time obtained from breakthrough curve (BTC) experiments. I used a database containing 560 BTC
experiments to build random forests to predict the relative 5% arrival time and analyse the importance of soil properties and site factors on predicting this
feature. The coefficient of determination for a 10-fold cross-validation was 70%, whereas the benchmarking process obtained a coefficient of 27%. Sand contents between 0.80 and 0.92 reached the highest importance and were strongly related to weak preferential flow. High importance was also observed in silt contents lower than 0.11, and clay contents between 0.04 and 0.08, which were strongly
correlated to high preferential flow. In addition, experimental conditions such as flow rate, column diameter, the use of fixed drippers and column venting had 20%
importance. This study revealed that texture can broadly predict soil susceptibility to preferential flow, while other site and soil factors can later refine this estimate.
However, the dataset lacked land use information and a broader range of experimental conditions. I consider that enlarging the database is a key factor to obtain better predictions and to further understand how soil and site characteristics influence soil susceptibility to preferential flow.

Main title:Benchmarking a random forest for predicting preferential flow in soils
Authors:Jordà Guerra, Helena
Supervisor:Koestel, John
Examiner:Jarvis, Nicholas
Series:Examensarbeten / Institutionen för mark och miljö, SLU
Volume/Sequential designation:2013:15
Year of Publication:2013
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM010 Soil and Water Management - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Keywords:preferential flow, random forest, benchmarking, undisturbed soil, soil database
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-2482
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-2482
Subjects:Soil science and management
Soil chemistry and physics
Language:English
Deposited On:03 Jul 2013 11:55
Metadata Last Modified:03 Jul 2013 11:55

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