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Normey, Andrés, 2012. Native forest conservation within the framework of forest promotion policy in Uruguay. Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

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Abstract

Environmental changes due to anthropogenic causes have brought a negative effect on
Uruguayan native forest. Governments at the beginning of the 20th century began to promote the
importance of the forest. In 1968 was passed the “Resources and Forest Economy Law” and in
1987 was passed the “Forest Law”. Both laws intended to boost afforestation on certain priority
areas with exotic species, whilst promoting the conservation of the native forest. This thesis
focuses on describing and thoroughly analysing the processes that resulted in the protection of
native forest within the framework of the forest promotion legislation during the 1960s and
1980s. The theoretical framework selected was the Policy Arrangement Approach (PAA). It
distinguishes four interrelated key variables to understand policy practices: discourses, power,
rules and actors. Methods selected relied on qualitative rather than quantitative analysis. They
were based on literature analysis (thorough the review of historical documentation) and
qualitative interviews with open questions. Four major themes emerged from the analysis. First,
there were three main groups of actors responsible for initiating the forest development:
politicians in power, national forest promoters and FAO. Second, national forest promoters were
identified to be the main force that drove the inclusion of native forest conservation. They lead
the General Forest Directorate, the most important organisation which has stood for native forest
conservation. Their discourses evolved from simply the importance of enlarging the forest area
in the country, to the importance of preserving native forest for soil protection and waters
regulation functions. Later on, biodiversity and recreation began to become important for the
intrinsic value of native forest. Third, there was no organised opposition to the creation of a
forest legal framework. However, some livestock producers had been individually opposed to
forest promotion. Fourth, it is important to stress the strong influence of FAO and the regional
forest regimes. These were not the main drivers, but the outcome of forest policy in Uruguay
would have been different without such influences.

Main title:Native forest conservation within the framework of forest promotion policy in Uruguay
Authors:Normey, Andrés
Supervisor:Brukas, Vilis and Mantero, Carlos
Examiner:Sallnäs, Ola
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för sydsvensk skogsvetenskap
Volume/Sequential designation:196
Year of Publication:2012
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:SM001 Euroforester - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Department:(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Keywords:conservation, forest policy, legislation, native forest, Uruguay
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1849
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1849
Subjects:Forestry - General aspects
Nature conservation and land resources
Language:English
Deposited On:09 Nov 2012 07:46
Metadata Last Modified:09 Nov 2012 07:46

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