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Sawathvong, Silavanh, 2000. Forest land use planning in Nam Pui National Biodiversity Conservation Area, Lao P.D.R.. Second cycle, A1E. Umeå: SLU, Dept. of Forest Resource Management



The abundant natural resources of Lao.PDR, especially land, water, and forests,
provide a strong foundation for national development. While much of the forests in
the region have already been seriously degraded or destroyed, about 4 7 percents of the
total land area in Lao.PDR is still under forest cover. It provides critical habitats and
important refuges for many threatened and endangered species and also provides a
vital source of subsistence and cash income for an impoverished rural population.
In an effort to tackle the issue in a holistic manner, a protected areas system was
established in 1993. In the Lao context it is called "National Biodiversity
Conservation Areas"(NBCA). Under this strategy, protection efforts in the field are
linked to land use planning (LUP), land allocation (LA), and livelihood improvement
with communities residing adjacent to or within the protected areas. In general a
procedure for LUP and LA at the village level has been developed and adopted by the
government. It involves the delineation of village management areas and forest-land
use zones for which management rules are prepared with the community.
The need to develop appropriate LUP and LA procedures and methods for NBCA
management has therefore increased in importance. The main objective of this
research is to identify and test feasible approaches for implementation of NBCA
program that could balance the objectives of the government, local villagers and other
The case study was undertaken in Nam Pui NBCA which is located in the northern
part of Lao.PDR. Two villages were studies e.g. Ban Vangphamone, 6379 ha with
236 inhabitants situated inside and Ban Phongsack, 4914 ha with 594 inhabitants
situated adjacent to the NBCA.
In order to obtain holistic and accurate data and information, different types of
techniques we are applied such as Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA), Participatory Rural
Appraisal ( PRA), local knowledge, point sampling, village dialogue. Finally, a
simulation model called "Area Production Model"(APM) was used for historical and
future period scenarios on future development and conservation .
The integrated approach for capturing data and information was flexible and the
different techniques complementary to each other which brought the planner close to
the reality. APM was found to be a suitable tool for land use planning as well as land
use monitoring. The output was a base document to be used by villagers and other
stakeholders in a dialogue to agree on NBCA management practices.
The finding of the study supported the idea that sustainable natural resource
management must be economically viable, ecologically viable and socially
acceptable. Thus, during all steps in the land use planning and land allocation process,
care should be taken to use approaches and methods which involve the people in
decision-making. The village agreements and conservation rules developed must
therefore contain management activities which the people understand and can manage
as well as activities which support government policy and objectives.

Main title:Forest land use planning in Nam Pui National Biodiversity Conservation Area, Lao P.D.R.
Authors:Sawathvong, Silavanh
Supervisor:Eriksson, Ljusk Ola
Series:Arbetsrapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning och geomatik
Volume/Sequential designation:80
Year of Publication:2000
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A1E
Student's programme affiliation:Other
Supervising department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Keywords:Forest, Land, Planning, Nam Pui National
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Land economics and policies
Forestry production
Nature conservation and land resources
Deposited On:02 Oct 2012 14:33
Metadata Last Modified:08 Oct 2012 10:37

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