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Andersson, Helena and Andersson, Åsa and Ehde, Lisa and Eskhult, Gustaf and Jansson, Gustaf and Johansson, Emma and Nilsson, Cecilia, 2011. Passiva lantbrukare – en effekt av EU:s jordbrukspolitik : en studie av ett antal faktorers påverkan på svenska passiva lantbrukares attityder till markanvändning och EU:s jordbrukspolitik. Second cycle, A1N, A1F or AXX ( A1N). Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Soil and Environment

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Abstract

The problem with passive farmers has arised as an effect of the European Union´s common agricultural policy (CAP) and the decouplement from production-based payments. Payments to passive farmers contradict the purpose of the single payment scheme and constitute a great cost for the EU. The new contractual period after 2013 has given rise to discussions on the direction of the CAP with a purpose of increasing the efficiency of the single payment scheme, and reducing passive farming.

The aim of the study is to increase the knowledge about a few factors’ influence on passive farmers’ attitudes towards land use and the CAP. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. Both parts concerned questions about land use and future scenarios of the agricultural policy. The quantitative study consisted of a survey sent to 400 randomly chosen passive farmers. The qualitative study was performed by interviewing six passive farmers in the region of Mälardalen.

The results show that the farms are small which makes it difficult to run a profitable farm business and motivate necessary investments. The farmers’ average age is high which can cause unwillingness to change. Furthermore, a large part of the passive farmers are found in low-productive areas. The most important factors, causing passive farming, are market factors, especially the income generated from the single payment scheme. The possession of forest is another important factor since it generates a lower interest in agriculture, and therefore active farming.

None of the future scenarios presented to the respondents would lead to a change in their land use, which seems unlikely since two of the scenarios would imply no income for passive farmers. Removal of the single payment scheme is the most suitable scenario for minimizing the problem with passive farming. A condition for maintained farming in Sweden in this case, is better profitability. Better profitability is considered the only thing that would make passive farmers produce actively, regardless of politics.

Main title:Passiva lantbrukare – en effekt av EU:s jordbrukspolitik
Subtitle:en studie av ett antal faktorers påverkan på svenska passiva lantbrukares attityder till markanvändning och EU:s jordbrukspolitik
Authors:Andersson, Helena and Andersson, Åsa and Ehde, Lisa and Eskhult, Gustaf and Jansson, Gustaf and Johansson, Emma and Nilsson, Cecilia
Supervisor:Andersson, Hans and Källström, Helena and Jonzon, Ylva and Johnsson, Bengt
Examiner:Mårtensson, Anna
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A1N, A1F or AXX
Student's programme affiliation:NY001 Agricultural Programme - Economics and Management 270 HEC, NY003 Agricultural Programme - Soil/Plant 270 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Keywords:passiva lantbrukare, EU:s jordbrukspolitik, attityder till förändring av CAP
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-591
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-591
Subjects:Agricultural economics and policies
Development economics and policies
Language:Swedish
Deposited On:07 Sep 2011 14:28
Metadata Last Modified:22 Apr 2012 09:55

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