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Parra Pachon, Oscar Javier, 2011. Role of Brassinosteroids in plant growth promotion and stress tolerance during priming mediated by beneficial bacteria. Second cycle, A1E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Plant Biology and Forest Genetics (until 131231)

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Abstract

Brassinosteroids (BR) are plant hormones widely distributed throughout the plant kingdom in
low concentrations and with structural homology to animal and insect steroids. BR are involved
in numerous physiological processes, and they also fulfill an antagonistic role in anti-herbivory
structure formation in tomato (Campos et al., 2009). In order to characterize the role of BR upon
priming with B. amyloliquefasciens 5113, gene expression analysis of BR genes was assessed in
Arabidopsis thaliana. BAK1, BRI1 and DWF1 expression down-regulates, while DET2 upregulates
upon bacterial priming. CPD gene expression was not affected by priming. qPCR
analysis of VSP2 and PR1 were performed on BR mutants upon priming with B.
amyloliquefasciens 5113. Basal levels of PR1 were higher in det2, bak1 and dwf1 compared to
primed samples. Primed bri1 displayed two-fold higher expression of PR1 compared to untreated
bri1. VSP2 level goes up on det2, bak1 and bri1 upon priming. No changes of VSP2 expression
were observed in dwf1 upon priming. Methyl jasmonate treatment up-regulates VSP2 level twofold
in det2 and nine-fold in bak1. The role of BR genes in response to insect attack was
examined. BR genes appear not to be responsive to herbivory by S. littoralis. However, S.
littoralis larvae fed more on BR mutants compared to those that fed on Col-0 WT. In order to
understand the role of BR in JA signaling pTRV-JAR1 and pTRV-LOX2 constructs were
developed and virus induced gene silencing were performed on Col-0 and BR mutants bak1 and
det2. Gene silencing was confirmed by qPCR analysis of the target genes in Col-0 and det2, but
not in bak1. Further insect feeding experiments are required to elucidate if BR play a role in
defense responses to herbivory when JA signaling pathway is compromised.

Main title:Role of Brassinosteroids in plant growth promotion and stress tolerance during priming mediated by beneficial bacteria
Authors:Parra Pachon, Oscar Javier
Supervisor:Bejai, Sarosh and Meijer, Johan
Examiner:Sitbon, Folke
Series:Examensarbete / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen for växtbiologi och skogsgenetik
Volume/Sequential designation:122
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A1E
Student's programme affiliation:NM008 Plant Biology - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Plant Biology and Forest Genetics (until 131231)
Keywords:Brassinosteroids , Bacillus amyloliquefasciens, priming, arabidopsis thaliana
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-575
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-575
Subjects:Agricultural research
Plant physiology - Growth and development
Pests of plants
Plant diseases
Language:English
Deposited On:02 Sep 2011 14:50
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:22

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