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Anderzén, Erik and Lönnqvist, Wilhelm, 2011. Pellets - en framtidsmarknad?. First cycle, G2E. Umeå: SLU, Dept. of Forest Resource Management

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Abstract

With higher prices for oil and increased focus on fossil fuels impact on the environment the heating sector are searching for alternative fuels. Pellets are a quite new product whose production has risen exponential in recent years. Today there are small-, medium-and large-scale users, where the large-scale consumers are the heating sector. The heating sector is mainly using oil to cover the increased demand during cold periods.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the potential of pellets if it would replace thermal power plants oil and coal. The study will also analyze the economic impact a conversion would mean for a heating plant and if the pellet is a reasonable substitute.
2008 statistics from the Swedish district heating association were analyzed and a calculation was performed to determine how many tons of pellets is needed to replace coal and oil. Fuel costs for oil and coal were compared with the costs to produce the equivalent amount of heat with pellets. In order to analyze the economic impact an investment calculation was made. The payback period was calculated for a new wood powder boiler if it was to replace an existing oil boiler. The study includes a qualitative research interview, which was addressed to
the largest users of fuel oil and coal for district heating.
Policy influences and the heat plant's environmental policy will lead to a gradually phasing out of fossil fuels. The greatest compliment to the non-renewable energy is biofuel where pellets are a possible substitute. A pellets-consuming wood powder boiler can replace the fossil fuel consumption. The readjustment will lead to a great investment and requires that the energy sector prioritize pellets ahead of other alternative fuels.

Main title:Pellets - en framtidsmarknad?
Authors:Anderzén, Erik and Lönnqvist, Wilhelm
Supervisor:Athanassiadis, Dimitris and Carlén, Ola
Examiner:Roos, Anders
Series:Arbetsrapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning
Volume/Sequential designation:322
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:SY001 Forest Science - Master's Programme 300 HEC
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Keywords:Fjärrvärmesektorn, fossila bränslen, pellets, investeringskalkyl
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-183
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-183
Subjects:Forestry - General aspects
Forestry production
Forest engineering
Language:Swedish
Deposited On:31 May 2011 13:10
Metadata Last Modified:05 Oct 2012 19:13

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