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Ho Le, Phi Khanh, 2011. The role of social capital to access rural credit : a case study at Dinh Cu and Van Quat Dong village in coastal area of Thua Thien Hue province. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

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Abstract

As a poverty reduction strategy, credit access has played an important role in supporting the peasants to improve their production and living standard. However, the level of access to credit differs among various regions and it has been affected by many factors. This thesis examines the relation between social capital factor and capacity for obtaining the credit sources of local people in coastal area of Thua Thien Hue province in Vietnam. It analyzes the role of social capital to access different credit sources as well as explores the effect of network types horizontally and vertically on obtaining the credit from Bank, "hui" groups and moneylenders. Through exploring the influence of social capital on credit access, this research aims to contribute to the debates on social capital and its effect on economic outcomes.

The study applies a qualitative approach based on focus group discussion and in-depth interviews. The theoretical underpinnings for the research is drawn from perspectives of scholars about social capital, the context of Vietnamese rural society and the effect of social capital to obtaining the credits.

The findings indicate that social capital affects the credit access from the bank through group lending which is assessed by participating in popular organizations. Neighbor network, which is exposed by generalized trust, reputation, balanced reciprocity, and mutual aid activity, facilitates to establish "hui" group in order to obtain rotating credit. On the other hand, vertical relation, which is exposed by trust, generalized reciprocity, and reputation, supports to receive the loans from moneylenders.

The study concludes that, the social capital, which is addressed by horizontal and vertical network, is a sine qua non for obtaining credit from both formal and informal credit sources. Simultaneously, the thesis suggests that in order to improve the capacity for accessing credit of local people in rural area, the mechanism of VBSP loans delivery should be expanded to other type of popular organizations instead of focusing on women- and farmer unions. We need to encourage local people to participate in popular organizations to enhance the opportunity of obtaining the credit from VBSP. It is important to integrate "hui" activity into popular organizations’ programs in order to expand this type of credit.

Main title:The role of social capital to access rural credit
Subtitle:a case study at Dinh Cu and Van Quat Dong village in coastal area of Thua Thien Hue province
Authors:Ho Le, Phi Khanh
Supervisor:Bartholdson, Örjan and Truong, Van Tuyen
Examiner:Pain, Adam and Beckman, Malin
Series:Master Thesis / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Urban and Rural Development (Online)
Volume/Sequential designation:56
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NU002 Rural Development, Livelihoods and Natural Resource Management in Vietnam - Master's Programme (contract education) 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:social capital, trust, Vietnam, local organisations, credit
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-95
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-95
Subjects:Rural sociology and social security
Language:English
Deposited On:03 May 2011 13:28
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:19

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