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Tong, Thi Hai Hanh, 2011. Income diversification in fishing and aquaculture in the Tam Giang Lagoon : adaptation to climate change or not?. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

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Official URL: http://www.sol.slu.se/publikationer/masters.asp

Abstract

Adaptation is strongly recognized as a means to cope with the impact and threat from climate change. The capacity which people use to make an adequate living for themselves determines how people respond to climate change. A better understanding of processes of adaptation is important to inform policies aimed at reducing the negative effects of climate change. Using qualitative interviews, including focus group discussion and in-depth interviewing, as main methods this research examines the heterogeneous nature of adaptation to climate change of the fishers and aquaculturalists in the Tam Giang lagoon and identifies the factors that prevent them from adaptation by focusing on income diversification. The results show that income diversification is used to respond to the impacts of not only climate but also non-climate stimuli. The absence of local labor markets, unfavorable climate conditions and animal epidemics prevent both fishers as well as aquaculturalists from income diversification. The qualification of income diversification as an adaptation process depends much on specific context of rural livelihoods. While income diversification can be considered as adaptation process in the case of aquaculturalists, it is considered as maladaptation process in case of the fishers. Local prejudice, low education, unskilled labor and inability to access agricultural land are the important factors impeding the fishers’ adaptation process. Bases on this analysis the thesis concludes that (1) adaptation should be defined as a successful and sustainable adjustment to alleviate the negative impacts of change; (2) the interrelation between climatic and non-climatic factors needs to be addressed in policies aimed at mitigating the negative effects of climate change.

Main title:Income diversification in fishing and aquaculture in the Tam Giang Lagoon
Subtitle:adaptation to climate change or not?
Authors:Tong, Thi Hai Hanh
Supervisor:Boonstra, Wijnand and Le, Thi Hoa Sen
Examiner:Pain, Adam and Beckman, Malin
Series:Master Thesis / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Urban and Rural Development
Volume/Sequential designation:54
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NU002 Rural Development, Livelihoods and Natural Resource Management in Vietnam - Master's Programme (contract education) 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:climate change, adaptation, floods, fishers, aquaculture, lagoon, Vietnam
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-1020
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-1020
Subjects:Fisheries and aquaculture - General aspects
Language:English
Deposited On:21 Mar 2011 13:48
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:18

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