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Johansson, Anna, 2011. Effects of genotype, age and feed on the fat components of egg yolk. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate if the hen’s genotype, age and diet affect fat components in egg yolk. The fat components measured were total fat content, phospholipids, cholesterol and the fatty acid profile. This trial involved 12 groups of laying hens housed in 8-hen cages enriched with perches, dust baths and nests. The genotype Lohmann Selected Leghorn (LSL) and the genotype Lohmann Brown (LB)was used. The hens were fed ad lib. with either a control diet or a diet containing 20 % hemp seed cake. Egg was collected when the hens were 32, 56 and 72 weeks old. The yolk was separated from the albumen. Total egg weight and yolk weight were registered.
As expected the egg weight, yolk weight and total fat content increased with hen age. Hens of the genotype LB laid throughout the study heavier eggs than LSL-hens. The results showed that the cholesterol decreased with hen age. The hemp seed diet showed a tendency towards cholesterol lowering properties and also an effect on the fatty acid profile in the egg yolks. A significant increase of the poly unsaturated fatty acids linolenic acid and linoleic acid was seen in egg yolks from hens that had been eating the hemp seed diet. Neither genotype nor, age or diet effected the amount of phospholipids.

Main title:Effects of genotype, age and feed on the fat components of egg yolk
Authors:Johansson, Anna
Supervisor:Wall, Helena
Examiner:Tauson, Ragnar
Series:Examensarbete / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för husdjurens utfodring och vård
Volume/Sequential designation:327
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:VY001 Agricultural Science Programme - Animal Science 270 HEC
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Keywords:laying hen, egg yolk, fat, cholesterol, phospholipids, fatty acid, nutrition, genotype, age, hemp
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-6-400
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-6-400
Subjects:Animal feeding
Animal physiology and biochemistry
Language:English
Deposited On:28 Jan 2011 12:08
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:17

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