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Jones, Gabriella and Skans Mächs, Vera, 2024. Skolgården som exkluderande miljö : en studie om skolgårdens utformning utifrån identifierade behov hos barn med autism. Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Dept. of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management (from 130101)



Autism is the fastest growing neurodevelopmental disorder worldwide, making autism friendly design an important factor in planning and designing inclusive spaces. The schoolyard plays a crucial role in children's development, providing opportunities for play, social interaction, learning, and contact with nature. However, there is limited research about the interaction between the physical school environment and children with autism. Thereby, it is crucial to understand how to design inclusive and accessible schoolyards.

This study aims to investigate how the schoolyard design meets the needs of children with autism and in which ways schoolyards today fail to meet these needs. This is done through interviews with educators specialized on autism and examining literature on autism friendly design. This thesis identifies the following main needs in literature: zoning, acoustics, escape spaces, safety, use of images, predictability, transition zones and vegetation. The main needs identified from the interviews include: zoning, demarcation, legibility, independence, acoustics, shelter from weather, safety, escape spaces and variation. Furthermore, it identifies deficiencies in current schoolyard designs as loud noises, unvaried environment, open spaces, and few calm and quiet places. Additionally, it advocates for enhanced participation and communication in design processes to bolster accessibility and inclusion. Emphasizing the significance of inclusion, the study seeks to raise awareness of children with autism and their needs, offering valuable insights for planning and designing schoolyards.

Main title:Skolgården som exkluderande miljö
Subtitle:en studie om skolgårdens utformning utifrån identifierade behov hos barn med autism
Authors:Jones, Gabriella and Skans Mächs, Vera
Supervisor:Norfall, Lisa
Examiner:Jansson, Märit and Fridell, Linnéa
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2024
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:LM004 Sustainable Urban Management - Master Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management (from 130101)
Keywords:autism, skolgård, autismvänlig design, inkludering, tillgänglighet
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Deposited On:03 Jul 2024 05:29
Metadata Last Modified:05 Jul 2024 01:13

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