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Beskow, Anna, 2024. Reaching Food Security: The legislative challenges of Seed exchange in kind : a discourse analysis of the European Commission’s PRM proposal. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Department of Molecular Sciences



On the 5th of July 2023, the European Commission presented a new Plant Reproductive Material directive with a general objective of ensuring high quality and diversity that contributes to food security, protects biodiversity, and restores forest ecosystems. The aims are to increase efficiency and promote and support mainly sustainable innovation. In the proposal, there are three Options, Option 1 - Highest degree of flexibility, Option 2 - Balancing flexibility and harmonisation Option 3 - Highest degree of harmonisation, and the legal text is based on Option 2.
The objective of this master thesis is to examine the discursive tendencies of food security in the proposal and to discuss how the proposal might challenge and affect small-scale farmers who are exchanging seeds in kind.
o What discursive tendencies of food security can be seen in the European Commission’s proposal for a directive on plant reproductive materials?
o How does the discourse of food security differentiate between options 1, 2 and 3 in the proposal?
The study was carried out firstly by a content analysis to find relevant materials, and then by adding a problematizing dimension, a discourse analysis of sort. To perform the discourse analysis an analytical framework was made, which is based on other researchers' definitions, and is the base of the discourse analysis. Based on the researcher's work, two discourses could be used: Liberal Food Security and Food Sovereignty. By applying the analytical framework to the material, it was possible to see what discourse was most prominent.
The results indicate that both Liberal Food Security and Food Sovereignty can be found in the material, however, they do differentiate between the options presented by the European Commission. Liberal Food Security is most prominent in Option 1, but also provides the most flexibility for Food Sovereignty, Liberal Food Security is most prominent in Option 2, but has some tendencies toward Food Sovereignty, and in Option 3 Liberal Food Security is the only discourse of the two that is prominent.

Main title:Reaching Food Security: The legislative challenges of Seed exchange in kind
Subtitle:a discourse analysis of the European Commission’s PRM proposal
Authors:Beskow, Anna
Supervisor:Zamaratskaia, Galia
Examiner:Karkehabadi, Saeid
Series:Molecular Sciences
Volume/Sequential designation:2024:02
Year of Publication:2024
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM032 Masterprogrammet Hållbara livsmedelssystem 120,0 hp
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Molecular Sciences
Keywords:Food Security, Food Sovereignty, European Commission, Seed exchange in kind, discourse analysis
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Deposited On:29 Jan 2024 11:31
Metadata Last Modified:30 Jan 2024 02:01

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