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Nordström, Gabriel, 2023. The effects of fishing on stability of a food web under climate warming. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. Of Aquatic Resources



Predicting the effects of fishing in a warmer environment caused by climate change requires knowledge
of what trophic level is fished on, the physiological effects of temperature on fish, and how
these two affect ecological interactions. Both temperature and fishing are known to affect the
stability of food webs in several ways. Still, we know little of the effects on stability when fishing
on different trophic levels in a warmer environment. Using a stage-structured biomass model, I
analyse how fishing on adult consumers and/or predators in a warmer environment affects the
stability of the community. I find that predators go extinct at a lower fishing pressure in a warmer
environment while fishing on adult consumers in a warmer environment instead stabilises the community
by reducing cyclic dynamics. Combined fishing on both adult consumers and predators can
reduce the risk of predator extinction and negate for the negative effects of high temperature on
the stability of the food web. I also find that fishing at the level corresponding to the maximum
sustainable yield (MSY) of predators is unsustainable, since if the fishing pressure is raised slightly
from the MSY the predator goes extinct, especially in a warmer environment. My results indicate
that restricting the fishing pressure in warmer environments or fishing on the adult consumer simultaneously
to avoid predator extinction might be recommended. In general, it is important to
be aware of the complexity of ecological systems when managing fisheries, as climate change can
result in unintuitive and unexpected results depending on what trophic level is fished.

Main title:The effects of fishing on stability of a food web under climate warming
Authors:Nordström, Gabriel
Supervisor:Gårdmark, Anna and Huss, Magnus and Thunell, Viktor
Examiner:Bartolino, Valerio
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2023
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:Other
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. Of Aquatic Resources
Keywords:fishing, climate change, temperature, predator, consumer, resource, stage-specific, food webs, ontogenetic assymetry, biomass overcompensation, emergent Allee effects, limit cycles
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Deposited On:14 Jun 2023 06:20
Metadata Last Modified:14 Jun 2023 13:23

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