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Falkenhain, Erik, 2023. Understanding the entrepreneurial process to adopt renewable energies in Sweden : a case study on an offshore wind park project in the Baltic Sea. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Economics



The alarming magnitude of the global climate crisis is on the rise. Thus, a profound and rapid
energy system transition towards renewable energies is needed. Offshore wind (OSW) parks are a
promising energy source to boost green energy production. While OSW has been adopted in many
European countries (e.g. Denmark and Germany), the uptake in Sweden is slow. Adopting large
infrastructure projects (e.g. OSW) involve a plurality of actors who influence the adoption process.
Studies that examine OSW adoption in Sweden emphasise the policy context for adoption (e.g.
negotiating of a permit).
Fewer studies consider the situation for entrepreneurs seeking to adopt OSW. Therefore, the
paper focuses on the entrepreneurial planning process of adopting OSW in Sweden. Since the
entrepreneur is one of many actors influencing the adoption of OSW, a governance perspective is
applied to investigate the interplay of actors. The paper follows a case-study research design
investigating a planned OSW park project in the Baltic Sea region close to the Archipelago of
Stockholm. Primary data was collected through qualitative interviews with social actors involved in
the case project. In addition, secondary data from documents, videos and webinars were collected
to gain further insights. An in-depth frame analysis was conducted to analyse the interplay of
multiple actors and their exercise of agency and power to influence the adoption of the case project.
The group of identified actors was allocated to the following five actor constituencies: market, state,
community, and the third sector. The actors used different modes of agency to influence the
entrepreneurial process (support, collaboration, and communication).
In conclusion, the study showed that the permit system is the prevailing regime that governs the
adoption of OSW parks in Sweden. The entrepreneurial process to adopt OSW is complex. Thus,
context (e.g. involved actors) is key to understanding the complexity of adopting renewable
energies. Predefined models often do not address this context, making them difficult to apply to the
adoption of large infrastructure projects (e.g. OSW park). Therefore, applying a governance
perspective on the case project was helpful in creating context to understand the real-world
conditions of adopting OSW parks in Sweden.

Main title:Understanding the entrepreneurial process to adopt renewable energies in Sweden
Subtitle:a case study on an offshore wind park project in the Baltic Sea
Authors:Falkenhain, Erik
Supervisor:Langendahl, Per-Anders
Examiner:Ferguson, Richard
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för ekonomi
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2023
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM005 Environmental Economics and Management - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Keywords:offshore wind parks, entrepreneurial processes, governance, agency, power relations
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Land economics and policies
Energy resources management
Deposited On:23 Feb 2023 08:19
Metadata Last Modified:24 Feb 2023 02:02

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