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Chikonyani, James, 2022. The effects of a land reform program on smallholder farmers’ livelihoods and availability of edible insects for food and nutrition security : the case of the Zvimba and Mhondoro districts of Zimbabwe. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

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Abstract

Edible insects are an important source of nutrition for rural populations in many parts of the world,
including Zimbabwe. This research examines the contribution of edible insects to the livelihoods,
food and nutrition security, and the strategies and mechanisms that can be implemented to ensure
the preservation and better management of the environment and edible insects in Zvimba and
Mhondoro districts. Case study analysis was incorporated into the study's mixed-method approach.
43% of the respondents who eat insects, do so because they enjoy the flavor, while 33% cite the
insects' nutritional value, and 24% eat them for the novelty factor. More than half of all respondents
in both districts said they liked eating insects as a relish, snack, or in combination with other relishes;
another 20% said they liked eating insects as a relish and in combination with other relish dishes,
and 22.2% said they liked eating insects only as a relish. Most respondents perceived a decline in
edible insects’ availability. Despite this, both communities have developed sophisticated processing
and preservation methods to make them accessible even outside of the peak insect-harvesting
season. Both A1 (farmers with fields which are up to 37ha) and communal farmers have seen a
decline in edible insects over the past few years, with 13% of that decline attributable to agricultural
pest control and veld fires. The findings of the research can help lay a foundation for engaging
different stakeholders, including communities, in developing solutions for sustainable edible insect
management in support of food and nutritional security.

Main title:The effects of a land reform program on smallholder farmers’ livelihoods and availability of edible insects for food and nutrition security
Subtitle:the case of the Zvimba and Mhondoro districts of Zimbabwe
Authors:Chikonyani, James
Supervisor:Karltun, Linley Chiwona and Musundire, Robert
Examiner:Fischer, Harry and Otto, Opira
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2022
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM009 Rural Development and Natural Resource Management - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:food security, livelihoods, edible insects
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-500507
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-500507
Subjects:Agricultural economics and policies
Development economics and policies
Language:English
Deposited On:15 Dec 2022 11:43
Metadata Last Modified:16 Dec 2022 02:00

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