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Fritzson, Jesper, 2022. Can the northern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne hapla, be controlled by the fungus Clonostachys rosea? : an experimental study. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology

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Abstract

The northern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne hapla, is causing great economical losses to growers worldwide. There is a need for alternative control measures that are environmentally sustainable and effective against the nematode. Biological control is one promising control measure and there are multiple biological control agents on the market against fungal pathogens and insects. One such biocontrol agent is the fungus Clonostachys rosea. In this experiment the biocontrol effect of C. rosea against the root-knot nematode M. hapla was evaluated. The investigation included an antibiosis in vitro experiment and a pot experiment with carrot and lettuce under controlled conditions. Additionally, the effect from drought on M. hapla infection and C. rosea biocontrol was tested. Drought increased the infection by M. hapla on carrot and caused a significant (P < 0,001) decrease in fresh and dry root weight and shoot dry weight, indicating a higher parasitic effect on plant mass of infected plants during dryer periods in cultivated fields of carrot. No biological control effect from C. rosea on M. hapla was detected, nor any growth promoting effects from the fungus on the plants. However, plants treated with C. rosea showed an increased tolerance towards drought stress by not showing significant distinction between plant mass under normal and drought conditions, which was seen in the other treatments. Though, an error due to a high buildup of roots in the peat soil made it difficult to count the galls on plant roots, affecting the result of biocontrol effect and actual nematode infection. The use of sand might have simplified the rinse of the roots and a more accurate result could have been obtained.

Main title:Can the northern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne hapla, be controlled by the fungus Clonostachys rosea?
Subtitle:an experimental study
Authors:Fritzson, Jesper
Supervisor:Karlsson, Magnus and Viketoft, Maria and Dubey, Mukesh
Examiner:Andersson, Björn
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2022
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NY011 Agricutural programme - Soil/Plant, 300.0hp
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
Keywords:Biological control,, Carrot, Clonostachys rosea, Drought, Lettuce, Meloidogyne hapla, Nematodes, Pot experiment
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-18154
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-18154
Subjects:Agricultural research
Protection of plants - General aspects
Plant diseases
Language:English
Deposited On:31 Aug 2022 10:24
Metadata Last Modified:01 Sep 2022 01:03

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