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Kativu, Saymore Ngonidzashe, 2021. ‘Our own law is making us beggars’ : understanding the marginal experiences of governed, mine-side communities in Mutoko district, Zimbabwe. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

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Abstract

There is a rising interest in the Global South, to ensure that mineral resources are governed to benefit
local communities where they are extracted. The shared Africa Mining Vision and economic
aspirations in Zimbabwe seeking to integrate equity in governing and extracting mineral resources
reflects such interests. Yet despite these aspirations and commitments to mining development that
does not continue to disenfranchise communities, voices of communities remain peripheral to
commitments to improve the mining industry that has historically been illustrated unequal,
stimulating scholarship on the natural resource curse and recently unequal ecological exchange.
I begin this research by asking how people in Mutoko district experience black granite mining
and its governance. I inquire seeking to bring forth voices from below, those affected first-hand by
extraction and produce an ethnocentric account of mining anthropology rooted in the Habermasian
concept of the lifeworld and how its colonization by the system (government-corporation-complex
responsible for mining) shapes socioeconomic and environmental affairs at the margins. My key
findings show that communities shoulder the multiple burdens of black granite extraction without
getting its rewards. Broken bridges, damaged roads, dirty air, hazardous living environments and
loss of land are some of the key socioeconomic effects currently being experienced. The current
governance regime characterised by outdated laws, dishonesty, intimidation of the governed permits
the burdens described to perpetuate. I conclude that in the marginalised lifeworld resides knowledge,
capacity and experiences that must be fully accounted for in reshaping governance of extraction to
lift the burdens of mining from communities.

Main title:‘Our own law is making us beggars’
Subtitle:understanding the marginal experiences of governed, mine-side communities in Mutoko district, Zimbabwe
Authors:Kativu, Saymore Ngonidzashe
Supervisor:Oskarsson, Patrik
Examiner:Fischer, Harry
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2021
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM009 Rural Development and Natural Resource Management - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:unequal ecological exchange, lifeworld, granite mining, governance, mining anthropology, natural resources curse, natural resources governance, Zimbabwe
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-500239
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-500239
Subjects:Development economics and policies
Language:English
Deposited On:28 Jun 2021 05:58
Metadata Last Modified:29 Jun 2021 01:02

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