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Kling, Stina, 2021. Feeding brown algae and brown algae extracts from Saccharina Latissima to Broiler breeders : effects on transfer of antibodies and nutrients from hen to egg. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management

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Abstract

Brown algae and extracts of algae have been proved to have prebiotic effects. Seaweeds grow very fast and underwater. This is good from a sustainable point of view since algae do not need fertilizers, freshwater or agricultural land for growth. Brown algae is rich in nutrients, vitamins and minerals, and has an especially high content of iodine. This experiment included 45 hens and 9 roosters of the parent line of the fast-growing broiler ROSS 308. The hens were 28 weeks old at arrival and were housed in individual modules. There were three different experimental diets; algae meal (algae), algae extract and control. A boost vaccination was given 21 days after the introduction of the experimental diets. The aim was to analyse egg quality and transfer of antibodies and nutrients from hen to egg in order to determine if feeding broiler breeders brown algae and brown algae extracts could improve egg quality and transfer of antibodies and nutrients, and thereby, improve quality of newly hatched chicks. Maternal antibodies transferred from hen to chick during incubation are highly important since they protect the chick against pathogens during its first weeks in life. Healthy and vital chicks are the keys to good welfare and economic profit in poultry production.

The results showed that egg quality and transfer of antibodies were not improved in eggs laid by hens fed algae or algae extract. No chick parameters were shown to be affected by the hen treatment which indicates that the quality in the newly hatched chicks was not improved. There was, however, a significantly higher concentration of iodine in eggs laid by hens fed algae treatment. A significantly strong positive correlation at 0.69 was found between the egg weight and the chicken weight hatched from that egg, indicating that a small egg gives a small chicken, and a large egg gives a large chicken. Also, the percentage of fat pads of total body weight did differ between treatments and was higher for hens fed algae (2.06%) and algae extract (1.98%) compared to hens fed the control (1.67%).

Main title:Feeding brown algae and brown algae extracts from Saccharina Latissima to Broiler breeders
Subtitle:effects on transfer of antibodies and nutrients from hen to egg
Authors:Kling, Stina
Supervisor:Ivarsson, Emma and Boyner, Malin
Examiner:Wall, Helena
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2021
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:VY008 Agriculture Programme - Animal Science, 300.0hp
Supervising department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Keywords:broiler, broiler breeder, brown algae, Saccharina Latissima, laminarin, prebiotic, transfer, antibodies, nutrients, iodine, chicken, egg quality
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-16550
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-16550
Subjects:Animal feeding
Language:English
Deposited On:22 Jun 2021 12:56
Metadata Last Modified:22 Jun 2021 12:56

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