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Ramberg, Louise, 2020. Farmer knowledge sharing and social networks in agricultural extension : farmer perceptions from six Indonesian villages. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development



This thesis is an empirical exploration of knowledge sharing and social networks among farmers in
a context of agricultural extension. The exploration takes off from the development of the field of
extension, examined in a literature review. The literature review shows that “traditional”
agricultural extension, which implies a transfer of agricultural knowledge and information from
governments and organizations to farmers, has developed and to some extent turned into more
pluralistic approaches like Farmer Field Schools. Such pluralistic approaches to a higher extent
consider and acknowledges other aspects of farmers’ livelihoods than the knowledge and
information being transferred to farmers by “traditional” extension. Given this development,
knowledge sharing and social networks among farmers has been investigated as an aspect that is
important for understanding the development of the extension discourse. The study has been carried
out in six villages located in the province of Yogyakarta on the island Java in Indonesia, where five
of the villages have Village Learning Centers (VLCs) as part of pluralistic extension services. The
thesis explores how knowledge sharing and social networks between smallholder farmers is taking
place and function in relation to extension in this context. In addition, the study also explores how
knowledge sharing and social networks between smallholder farmers is taking place in the village
Semin, which do not yet have a Village Learning Center (VLC). Interviews have been carried out
with farmers in the six villages and the theoretical field of social networks has been used to discuss
the empirical material from a perspective of knowledge sharing. The findings show how social
networks, in terms of groups and in terms of the social network that surrounds a person, enables
knowledge sharing between farmers. Different forms of farmer groups, social events, collaborations
and social relations are in different ways and for different villages important for knowledge sharing
between farmers. Knowledge sharing between generations also plays a role. The findings show that
some VLCs, together with farmers’ perception of their own and others capacity, are affecting the
knowledge sharing. Attitudes among farmers to some extent also influence the knowledge sharing.
Also, lacking resources and organization in the village Semin constitutes a problem for knowledge
sharing. The findings from the villages are used in the thesis to discuss an establishment of a VLC
in Semin from the perspective of knowledge sharing and social networks among farmers. The local
farmer groups in Semin, together with improved organization and coordination, is emphasized as
potential factors for future knowledge sharing between farmers in a context of extension in Semin.

Main title:Farmer knowledge sharing and social networks in agricultural extension
Subtitle:farmer perceptions from six Indonesian villages
Authors:Ramberg, Louise
Supervisor:Beckman, Malin
Examiner:Gunnarsdotter, Yvonne
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2020
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NY007 Agriculture Programme - Rural Development 270 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:agricultural extension, Village Learning Centers, knowledge sharing, social networks, farmers, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Development economics and policies
Rural sociology and social security
Deposited On:08 May 2020 10:53
Metadata Last Modified:09 May 2020 01:03

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