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Zafrullah, Sadiq, 2019. Gendered groundwater technology adoption in Bangladesh : case studies from Thakurgaon and Rangpur. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development



Groundwater irrigation technologies are crucial for dry season agriculture in the North Western part of Bangladesh. The production of the major crop of the country, rice, is highly dependent on groundwater irrigation using Shallow Tube Wells (STW) and Deep Tube Wells (DTW). Along with the implementation of these irrigation technologies, concerns have been raised over the years on the unequal distribution of benefits of these technologies. This research explores farmers’ experiences of the adoption of these technologies and analyses the impact on gender relations and the power dynamics between the machine owner and renter. The research has been conducted in two villages in the districts Rangpur and Thakurgaon. The findings present that social hierarchies have been strengthened due to the adoption of advanced technologies by providing uneven benefits between the owner and the renter. According to the farmers’ experiences, the use of DTW may have an adverse effect on the water extraction capability of STWs that creates uneven benefits between the users’ group of DTW and STW. Besides, women’s access to irrigation may have increased with the adoption of advanced technology. The study shows how social identities of gender, economic class and religion shape farmers experience and influence social constructions of technologies.

Main title:Gendered groundwater technology adoption in Bangladesh
Subtitle:case studies from Thakurgaon and Rangpur
Authors:Zafrullah, Sadiq
Supervisor:Leder, Stephanie
Examiner:Cuadra, Margarita
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2019
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM009 Rural Development and Natural Resource Management - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:groundwater, technologies, irrigation, experiences, social construction, norms, intersectionality
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Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Rural sociology and social security
Crop husbandry
Water resources and management
Deposited On:19 Jun 2019 11:23
Metadata Last Modified:04 Jun 2020 12:07

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