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Andersson, Lisa, 2010. Vaktelproduktion för ägg och kött. First cycle, G2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to review the commercial quail production for eggs and meat in the world. Another aim is to review the potential for increased production. Globally the quail production is very small, except in China where it is the second largest poultry industry. The production globally is small despite the quail's rapid growth, early sexual maturity and its high feed efficiency. The quail is also used as a laboratory animal and can be reared to be released in hunting areas. Egg laying quails from good lines has a yearly production of 300-320 eggs and quails for meat production is slaughtered after 4-6 weeks at a weight of 180-200 grams. There is no difference between eggs and meat from quails and eggs and meat from laying hens and broiler chickens from a nutritional standpoint. However, the quail requires a small space, low investments and reaches both sexual maturity and slaughter weight quickly. Some scientists also claim that the quail is more resistant to disease and a more efficient feed converter of feed to eggs than the laying hen. All of these qualities are very beneficial and especially in poor communities where quail has a potential of becoming an important food source. The popularity has however, differed between countries. If the quail production is to grow, more research is needed. The breeding is generally very concentrated on production qualities and very little research has been made on for example genotype-environmental interaction. Some reports claim that the quail now is suffering from lowered fertility rates and a lower resistance to disease believed to be caused by an inbreeding depression. This problem has to be solved in order for the quail production to be a more important alternative to other poultry industries.

Main title:Vaktelproduktion för ägg och kött
Authors:Andersson, Lisa
Supervisor:Tauson, Ragnar
Examiner:Jönsson, Lotta
Series:Examensarbete /Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för husdjurens utfodring och vård
Volume/Sequential designation:307
Year of Publication:2010
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:VY001 Agricultural Science Programme - Animal Science 270 HEC
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Keywords:Vaktel, Vaktelproduktion
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3-62
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3-62
Subjects:Animal husbandry
Language:Swedish
Deposited On:01 Jul 2010 06:28
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:14

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