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Ndimbwa, Charles, 2018. Crop production upgrading strategies and their role for household food security in Chamwino District, Tanzania. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

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Abstract

Food insecurity is still a challenge affecting many people in the world, whereby the majority live in developing countries in Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. In Sub-Saharan Africa, many who are food insecure are poor smallholder farmers in rural areas who depend on rain-fed agriculture for food and income. In Tanzania, the Trans-SEC project was implemented from the year 2014-2018 to promote site-specific and adapted upgrading strategies (UPS) in crop production to improve rural agricultural systems along the food value chains for enhancing smallholder farmers’ food security. This study assesses the roles of such strategies for food security among smallholder farmers relying on rain-fed agriculture in two villages in semi-arid Chamwino district in Dodoma region, Tanzania. I draw on data from four gender-segregated focus group discussions as well as 54 interviews with both women and men in 33 purposively selected households that have adopted UPS for enhancing soil water management and crop production. The two UPS considered in this paper are rainwater harvesting using tied-ridges as well as kitchen gardens. My findings show that farmers are still food insecure although they report improvements in terms of food stocks on average now lasting for eight months instead of six months, enhanced consumption of vegetables, and little incomes. The limited impact on food security from tied-ridge can be traced to low and erratic rainfall, especially during the sowing period in December, as well as limited expansion of the tied-ridges beyond the testing plots due to the heavy work involved in making the ridges using hand hoes. I argue that these upgrading strategies would have had a more positive impact on the food security of these households if rainfall had been enough for crops to mature. To achieve long-term successes in semi-arid areas, upgrading strategies like tied-ridge should integrate irrigation practices using additional water sources than rainwater.

Main title:Crop production upgrading strategies and their role for household food security in Chamwino District, Tanzania
Authors:Ndimbwa, Charles
Supervisor:Bergman Lodin, Johanna and Lana, Marcos
Examiner:Fischer, Klara
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2018
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM009 Rural Development and Natural Resource Management - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:food security, upgrading strategies, smallholder farmers, food value chain, agriculture-nutrition pathway
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9911
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9911
Subjects:Agricultural economics and policies
Organization, administration and management of agricultural enterprises or farms
Language:English
Deposited On:26 Oct 2018 10:11
Metadata Last Modified:27 Oct 2018 01:00

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