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Larsson, Helene, 2018. Classification of ground lichen using Sentinel-2 and airborne laser data. Second cycle, A2E. Umeå: SLU, Dept. of Forest Resource Management

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Abstract

The northern part of Sweden has two overlapping land-use interests: forestry and reindeer husbandry. Forestry affects reindeer husbandry in several ways; most important of these is its impact on ground lichens. Lichens are the primary winter grazing resource for reindeer, therefore, mapping of lichens is of interest.The objective of this study is to evaluate the use of remote sensing data from the new Sentinel-2 satellite for the classifcation of ground lichen and to assess whether adding information derived from airborne laser scanning (ALS) willimprove the result. The study area is situated in the reindeer husbandry area inland of Umeå, in the north of Sweden, and consists of two Sentinel-2 granules. Two Sentinel-2 images were used, one from 2015-08-19 and one from 2016-10-02. ALS-derived metrics was also used in the form of DEM, wetness index, a canopy density metric and forest height. Classifcation of lichen coverage was carried out with the Random Forest algorithm, and 90 field plots were used as training data. Due to the small field dataset, the evaluation method for this study was internal cross-validation. Fourteen different classifcation schemes were tried with the Random Forest algorithm. Classifcation scheme 6 (0-33 %, 34-66 % and 67-100 % lichen coverage) was the most interesting of the classification schemes with three classes, since it has the lowest out-of-bag error at 29 %. Classifcation scheme 4 (0-25 %, 26-50 % and 51-100 % lichen coverage), which is based on the Swedish National Forest Inventory’s lichen class defnition, also proved to be fairly accurate, with an out-of-bag error of 37 %. Overall, the analysis showedthat bands 4 (red) and 8 (NIR) of the Sentinel-2 2015-08-19 image, along withALS-derived canopy density were the most important variables. Wetness indexwas the least important variable. For the Sentinel-2 2016-10-02 image, bands4 (red) and 5 (red-edge) were the most important. This study showed that aSentinel-2 image from a one date during the summer season worked well forthe classification of lichen into three classes, and that adding an ALS-derivedcanopy density metric could improve the results. The use of both Sentinel-2images together did not give better classification results.

Main title:Classification of ground lichen using Sentinel-2 and airborne laser data
Authors:Larsson, Helene
Supervisor:Reese, Heather
Examiner:Nilsson, Mats
Series:Arbetsrapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning och geomatik
Volume/Sequential designation:485
Year of Publication:2018
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:SY001 Forest Science - Master's Programme 300 HEC
Supervising department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Keywords:remote sensing, random forest, reindeer
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9467
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9467
Subjects:Forestry - General aspects
Language:English
Deposited On:03 Jul 2018 13:03
Metadata Last Modified:27 Feb 2019 11:51

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