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Marecha, Nyashadzashe, 2017. Perspectives of the human wildlife conflict situation from the standpoint of environmental justice : a case study of Hwange National Park, in Zimbabwe. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

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Abstract

Human wildlife conflicts in Zimbabwe have escalated due to human population growth which results in the expansion of settlements in areas close to national parks causing an overlap thereby causing clashes between humans and wildlife. Human wildlife conflicts are still a major problem in the country, mostly affecting people who rely on subsistence farming and livestock rearing. Destruction of crops by large herbivores and livestock raiding by predators are the most common forms of human-wildlife conflict and if these conflicts are not managed well will affect the economic and social livelihoods of people living close to the national parks. A central concern that can be identified is that of perceived injustice regarding to wildlife conservation being pursued at the marginalization of human livelihoods. The conflict thus raises issues around the concept of environmental justice. Heightened sense of injustice might trigger poaching, the killing of wildlife using snares and extinction of wildlife. Indeed, people feel that priority is being given to the wild animals because of the laws which govern the protection of wildlife. For in-depth understanding of the situation, this study utilized qualitative methods of collecting data (semi-structured interviews, observations and field notes) to capture emerging themes and patterns to the conflicts. The study was done in three local communities adjacent to the National Park where selected namely Cross Dete, Cross Mabale and Jambezi in Hwange district.

Main title:Perspectives of the human wildlife conflict situation from the standpoint of environmental justice
Subtitle:a case study of Hwange National Park, in Zimbabwe
Authors:Marecha, Nyashadzashe
Supervisor:Von Essen, Erica
Examiner:Hallgren, Lars
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2017
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM026 Environmental communication and management - Master's programme
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Keywords:environmental justice, human wildlife conflicts, wildlife
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-8902
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-8902
Subjects:Rural population
Language:English
Deposited On:17 Nov 2017 08:21
Metadata Last Modified:17 Nov 2017 08:21

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