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Nilsson, Per, 2006. Effects of refuge availability on growth and survival of YOY Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus). SLU, Dept. Of Aquatic Resources, Umeå. Umeå: SLU, Dept. Of Aquatic Resources

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Abstract

Risk of predation induces behavioural responses in prey, such as
decreased activity and avoidance of risky habitats. Sheltering by prey
in low risk habitat not only constrains the physical area but also the
accessibility of resources. Hence, variation in refuge availability
affects the performance of refuging individuals. In a large scaled
pond experiment I tested the effect of refuge availability on survival
and growth in young-of-the-year (YOY) arctic char (Salvelinus
alpinus), subject to predation from cannibalistic char. In addition, I
also studied the behaviour of YOY char in response to predation risk.
Results showed that predation decreased both survival and growth of
YOY char. Increasing refuge availability decreased the mortality of
YOY char, but had no effect on growth. Risk of predation restricted
the habitat use of YOY char to the protected near shore habitat.
There was also a density dependent resource depletion in the refuge
habitat when cannibals were present, induced by refuge availability
and habitat use of YOY char. The overall results suggest predation to
be the key factor limiting growth and survival in YOY char rather
than resource competition, and that both quality and density of
refuges affect the survival of YOY char.

Main title:Effects of refuge availability on growth and survival of YOY Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus)
Authors:Nilsson, Per
Supervisor:Byström, Pär
Examiner:UNSPECIFIED
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2006
Level and depth descriptor:Other
Student's programme affiliation:Other
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. Of Aquatic Resources
Keywords:Arctic char, growth, predation, refuge, yoy, cannibalism, survival, shelter
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-8395
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-8395
Subjects:Aquatic ecology
Language:English
Deposited On:30 Oct 2017 09:31
Metadata Last Modified:30 Oct 2017 09:31

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