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Jensen, Henrik, 2004. Tillväxtmönster och åldersstrukturer hos opåverkade bestånd av strömlevande Arktisk harr i Sibirien. SLU, Dept. Of Aquatic Resources, Umeå. Umeå: SLU, Dept. Of Aquatic Resources

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Abstract

It is hard to find streaming waters where humans haven't affected the fish populations or the
running water it self. In many streams the fish populations are over harvested and this results
in a lack of older and larger fish. This is also the situation for many populations of Grayling
(Thymallus spp.). To be able to develop management plans and to perform actions that
improve the situation for the grayling, it is therefore crucial to know what natural, by humans
unaffected populations look like. In northern Siberia, it is possible to find unexploited Arctic
grayling populations living in undisturbed aquatic environments.
The study was conducted in three different streams in the Putorama area in northern Siberia,
approximately 300 km south from Norilsk. In two of the streams two locals was investigated
in respective stream. Fish were collected by rod and reel and by nets adapted for running
waters.The graylings were sampled between 16/6-19/7 2001.
The results showed that there were variations in age distribution, growth patterns and age at
maturity in the investigated streams. These variations could depend on many factors. One is
that the locals were studied at different dates in some locations close to spawning period.
Another reason is the difference in distance to nearest lake. In most of the locations, older and
larger fish are dominating in the sample. It can't be excluded that juvenile graylings migrate
to Lake Schantajskoje or one of the smaller lakes in the area. They may also spend their first
years in very narrow streams, but this was not investigated.
At what size and age the arctic grayling in northern Siberia mature is difficult to say because
of the small sample sizes. Juvenile fish were only caught in two locals. There, the age at
maturity seemed to be between four and five years. The fecundity for the graylings in this
study correlate rather well with other studies. The fecundity varied between 7200-10900
eggs/kg bodyweight.
This study showed that: (i) the majority of the graylings are large (>200g) and old (>7years),
(ii) there is quite obvious differences in growth patterns and age at maturity within the same
geographical area. Management of exploited grayling populations is difficult because of a
general lack of knowledge how natural, unaffected populations are structured. With this study,
information have been added to the basic knowledge needed to be able to develop sustainable
management schedules for stream living Grayling populations.

Main title:Tillväxtmönster och åldersstrukturer hos opåverkade bestånd av strömlevande Arktisk harr i Sibirien
Authors:Jensen, Henrik
Supervisor:Eriksson, Torleif
Examiner:UNSPECIFIED
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2004
Level and depth descriptor:Other
Student's programme affiliation:MSc Forestry
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. Of Aquatic Resources
Keywords:tillväxtmönster, åldersstruktur, harr, arktisk, Sibirien, fiskbestånd, harrpopulation, beståndsdynamik, tillväxt
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-8397
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-8397
Subjects:Fisheries and aquaculture - General aspects
Language:Swedish
Deposited On:30 Oct 2017 09:44
Metadata Last Modified:30 Oct 2017 09:44

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