Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Tegevall, Maria, 2017. Effects of take-off level at udder quarter level and feeding during milking on milk fat quality and milk somatic cell count in an automatic milking system. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management

[img]
Preview
PDF
333kB

Abstract

The number of dairy farms in Sweden is decreasing, while the number of cows per farm is increasing. Since milking is very labour intensive many farmers have invested in new technology like automatic milking system (AMS) in order to reduce the work load. To increase the milking efficiency, it is important to have set take-off level of the milking cluster at a milk flow rate that minimize the time the cows spend in the AMS without affecting the milk yield and quality. Previous studies have indicated that milk yield decreases with increased take-off level when the take off level is set at milk flow from whole udder level. Furthermore has it been observed that feeding during milking might affect the milking time and milk yield. The aim of the present study was to examine how the take-off level of 100 g/min, 300 g/min, and 500 g/min at udder quarter level combined with or without feed during milking influenced the milk yield, milk fat globule size, content of cholesterol and beta-hydroxybutyrate in the milk, and the milk somatic cell count when the cows were milked in AMS. In the study, 30 cows of the breeds SRB (N=21) and Swedish Holstein (N=9) were included. The study lasted for six weeks and each treatment period was seven days. The treatments were arranged in a 6x6 Latin square to include all combinations of treatments every treatment period. Milk samples were taken during five milkings during the last two days of each treatment period. Samples taken for analyses of milk composition were collected during all five milkings, samples for the fat analysis were collected one milking each treatment period and determination of residual milk and samples from the residual milk were collected during the last milking every second treatment period. Milk samples from separate udder quarters were collected for analyses of milk composition during two milkings and for fat analysis during one milking. The results showed that the amount of milk was not affected by the different take-off levels, but total milking time was shortened with 0.5 min if using a take-off level on 500 g/min compared to a take-off level on 100 g/min (P < 0.001). There was no difference in milk fat globule size, milk cholesterol or milk somatic cell count between the different treatments but beta-hydroxybutyrate was greater in take-off level 500 g/min compared to take-off level 100 g/min (P < 0.05). Feeding during milking had only effect on milking time, which gave a longer milking time compared to no feeding during milking (P< 0.001).

,

Antalet gårdar i Sverige minskar men de som blir kvar växer och blir allt större. Detta kräver att bönderna modernisera gården för att anpassa den till det antal kor som finns på gården. Detta har gjort att många bönder väljer att investera i automatiska mjölkningssystem. För att effektivisera mjölkningen är det viktigt att ha en korrekt avtagningsnivå och en avtagningsnivå som inte försämrar mjölkens sammansättning Tidigare studier har visat att mjölksammansättningen förändras under mjölkningen samt att mjölkmängden minskar vid ökad avtagningsnivå. Syftet med denna studie var att studera hur avtagningsnivåerna 100g/min, 300 g/min och 500 g/min kombinerat med eller utan foder under mjölkningen påverkar mjölkmängden, fettkulestorleken, kolesterol, beta-hydroxybutyrat och celltal i automatiska mjölkningssystem. I studien användes 30 stycken kor, varav 21 SRB och 9 Holstein. Studien pågick under 6 veckor och varje behandlingsperiod varade i sju dagar. Behandlingarna arrangerades i en 6x6 Latin Square design för att få med alla kombinationer av behandlingar varje vecka. Provtagningar gjordes under fem mjölkningar under de två sista dagarna varje behandlingsperiod. Provtagningarna för mjölksammansättningen gjordes under alla fem mjölkningar, prover för fettanalys togs på en mjölkning varje behandlingsperiod och provtagning på residualmjölken gjordes under den sista mjölkning varannan behandlingsperiod. Provtagning på fjärdedelsnivå gjordes på mjölksammansättningen under två mjölkningar och på fettanalysen under en mjölkning. Resultaten från denna studie var att mjölkmängden inte förändras vid de olika avtagningsnivåerna men mjölkningstiden minskade med 0.5 minuter vid användning av en avtagningsnivå på 500 g/min jämfört med en avtagning på 100 g/min (P < 0.001). Det var inte någon skillnad i fettkulestorlek, kolesterol eller celltal mellan de olika behandlingarna, högre beta- hydroxybutyratinnehåll upptäcktes med avtagningsnivå 500 g/min jämfört med 100 g/min (P < 0.05). Utfodring under mjölkning hade endast effekt på mjölkningstiden, där utfodring under mjölkning gav en längre mjölkningstid jämfört om man inte utfodrade under mjölkning (P< 0.001).

Main title:Effects of take-off level at udder quarter level and feeding during milking on milk fat quality and milk somatic cell count in an automatic milking system
Authors:Tegevall, Maria
Supervisor:Agenäs, Sigrid and Krawczel, Peter
Examiner:Svennersten Sjaunja, Kerstin
Series:Examensarbete / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för husdjurens utfodring och vård
Volume/Sequential designation:596
Year of Publication:2017
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:VY001 Agricultural Science Programme - Animal Science 270 HEC
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Keywords:milk composition, beta-hydroxybutyrate, milk fat globule, milk yield
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-6469
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-6469
Subjects:Animal husbandry
Agricultural machinery and equipment
Language:English
Deposited On:27 Jun 2017 11:26
Metadata Last Modified:27 Jun 2017 11:26

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits