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Hallberg, Lukas, 2017. Allelopatiska egenskaper av tomatidin och andra alkaloider från potatisväxter. First cycle, G2E. Uppsala: SLU, Department of Plant Biology (from 140101)



Alkaloids are a heterogeneous group of secondary metabolites in plants with toxic
attributes. These substances often have toxic effects on different organisms and are
found in many species of the nightshade family (Solanaceae). This study shows that
the alkaloid tomatidine from tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) are allelopathic to arabidopsis
(Arabidopsis thaliana, cv. Col), cornflower (Cyanus segetum) and tobacco
(Nicotiana tabacum, cv. SRI) but not to tomato itself. The allelopathic effect were
shown to be specific for tomatidine, the other 8 structurally similar alkaloids from
nightshades that were tested did not yield the same effect. The plant material was
grown in MS-medium containing tomatidine and its root growth were inhibited due
to impaired cell elongation. The roots were deformed and shorter in the presence of
1 - 5 μM tomatidine compared to untreated control plants. The addition of sterols or
plant hormones to arabidopsis grown in tomatidine did not stimulate the root growth.

Germination of seeds from different agricultural plants were not affected by tomatidine,
however, the growth was retarded which resulted in significantly less germinating
seeds of flax (Linum usitatissimum).

Main title:Allelopatiska egenskaper av tomatidin och andra alkaloider från potatisväxter
Authors:Hallberg, Lukas
Supervisor:Sitbon, Folke
Examiner:Nicander, Björn
Series:Examensarbete / Institutionen för växtbiologi, SLU
Volume/Sequential designation:162
Year of Publication:2017
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:NY003 Agricultural Programme - Soil/Plant 270 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Plant Biology (from 140101)
Keywords:Allelopati, Tomatidin, Alkaloider, Steroler
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Plant physiology and biochemistry
Deposited On:28 Jun 2017 10:52
Metadata Last Modified:28 Jun 2017 10:52

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