Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Ahlbin, Elena, 2016. Why rearrange into a limited company? : a case study on farms in the Uppsala region. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Economics

[img]
Preview
PDF
986kB

Abstract

The most common legal business form among farmers is the sole proprietorship. However, during the last decades the number of farms managed as limited companies has increased in Sweden whilst the total number of farms has decreased. The differences between owning a limited company and having a sole proprietorship are substantial. The requirements of formality are more extensive, there is differences tax wise and in how business ownership and private equity can be structured and organized, as well as the personal liability for payments and financial risk.

The aim of this study is to better understand the reasoning behind why some farmers choose to rearrange into a limited company. To fulfill the aim, interviews were conducted with six farmers within the county of Uppsala who run their businesses as limited companies. The interviews were of semi-structured character and set on farm or by telephone. They were then analyzed based on the conceptual framework; Cost- and Benefit, Personal financial risk and Organization and business structure.

The results showed that the conceptual framework captured the reality quite well. Two informants mentioned taxes and the net profit as the main reason for them to rearrange into a limited company. Two, more recently established rearrangements, specified owner structure and organization as their main motive to rearrange into a limited company. One mentioned both taxes and profit and owner structure as the main motive for rearranging. One answered that the only reason for rearranging into a limited company was the decrease of personal financial risk and limited personal liability for payments.

Those who mentioned taxes as their main motive for rearranging all had their limited companies registered at least 15 years ago whilst those who mentioned ownership structure was more recently registered. This could be a sign of structural changes within the Swedish agricultural sector where the farms grow bigger, involving more people and the business structure and organizations changes with it

The conclusion however was that the motives for rearranging into a limited company are likely to vary from case to case.

,

Idag är den vanligaste företagsformen bland svenska lantbrukare den enskilda firman. Dock har lantbruk som drivs som aktiebolag ökat stadigt de senaste decennierna. Skillnaden mellan bolagsformerna är flera och berör bland annat beskattning, finansiell risk för den enskilde, och olika sätt att organisera ägarstrukturer.

Syftet med uppsatsen är att bättre förstå hur lantbrukare resonerar när de väljer att ombilda till sitt företag till ett aktiebolag. Sex intervjuer har genomförts med lantbrukare i Uppsala län som alla driver sina lantbruksföretag som aktiebolag. Utifrån tre teoretiska perspektiv, kostnad och intäktsanalys, personlig finansiell risk och organisation av ägarskap, har dessa intervjuer sedan analyserats.

Resultaten visar att informanterna från tre av de äldre aktiebolagen angav lägre skatter som en orsak till ombildningen. De informanter som representerade de två aktiebolag som var senast registrerade refererade istället till organisation och tydligare struktur kring ägandeskapet som den huvudsakliga orsaken till att de valde att ombilda till aktiebolag. En angav den lägre finansiella risken i form av begränsat personligt betalningsansvar som huvudanledning. Slutsatsen blir därför att motiven till att ombilda sitt företag till ett aktiebolag troligen beror på situationen och varierar från fall till fall.

Main title:Why rearrange into a limited company?
Subtitle:a case study on farms in the Uppsala region
Authors:Ahlbin, Elena
Supervisor:Hakelius, Karin
Examiner:Ferguson, Richard
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för ekonomi
Volume/Sequential designation:1051
Year of Publication:2016
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NY001 Agricultural Programme - Economics and Management 270 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Keywords:business owner structure, family farm, limited company, limited liability, small business structure
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-5747
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-5747
Subjects:Economics and management
Language:English
Deposited On:01 Sep 2016 13:47
Metadata Last Modified:01 Sep 2016 13:47

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits