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Ström, Josabeth, 2016. The impact of phosphorus and temperature on the toxicity of zinc on benthic diatom. First cycle, G2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment

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Abstract

The current index, IPS, developed for benthic diatoms and used for assigning the ecological status of streams in Sweden reflects on levels of nutrients and organic pollution. Metals are not considered in the index, which leads to the risk that metal contaminated streams can be assigned a high ecological status based on this index. Thus, an index that take into consideration the impact of metals in streams should be developed. In order to develop such an index, knowledge about if factors such as temperature and phosphorus affects metal toxicity to benthic diatoms could be useful. The aim of this study was to investigate if temperature and phosphorus affects the toxicity of Zn to benthic diatoms. Several laboratory experiments were performed with diatoms isolated from Swedish streams. The hypothesis was that temperatures above 20 °C would elevate toxic effects caused by Zn, which was partly confirmed. High temperatures (30-32 °C) caused a decrease in number of cells and in the maximum efficiency of the photosystem II in the highest concentration of Zn tested. The values of the approximate EC50 for each temperature and the amount of fluorescence per cells did however not show that temperature impact the toxicity of Zn. Thus, conclusively not all parameters investigated declared that temperature impacts the toxicity of Zn, but since some of them did, it cannot be said that temperature does not impact the toxicity of Zn. The hypothesis for the impact of phosphorus on Zn toxicity was that a higher concentration of phosphorus would increase tolerance to Zn and consequently lower concentrations of phosphorus was thought to increase the toxicity of Zn. The phosphorus effects were partly in-line with the hypothesis. The highest concentration of phosphorus tested caused a decrease in toxicity, detected as a higher median value of EC50 and as a higher amount of fluorescence in the highest concentration of Zn for most strains in one experiment. However, the lower amount of phosphorus only increased the toxicity, detected as a lower amount of fluorescence, in the highest concentration of Zn tested in two of the strains in one experiment. The results regarding the impact of phosphorus on Zn toxicity was not consistent in the experiments performed. However this study indicated that phosphorus and temperature could impact the toxicity of Zn. Therefore, in order to develop an index that reflect on the levels of metals more studies should be done to establish if temperature and phosphorus in fact impact the toxicity of Zn.

Main title:The impact of phosphorus and temperature on the toxicity of zinc on benthic diatom
Authors:Ström, Josabeth
Supervisor:Kahlert, Maria and Goncalves, Sara
Examiner:Fölster, Jens
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2016
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:NK001 Biology and Environmental Science - Bachelor's Programme 180 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Keywords:benthic diatom, zinc, temperature, phosphorus, toxicity, ecological status
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-5538
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-5538
Subjects:Aquatic ecology
Water resources and management
Pollution
Language:English
Deposited On:08 Jul 2016 08:01
Metadata Last Modified:08 Jul 2016 08:01

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