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Swartz, Elan, 2015. The effect of integrated conservation and development programs in protected areas on human wellbeing : an empirical analysis of Brazil’s bolsa floresta programme. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Economics

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Abstract

Considering the current debate over which strategies are most effective in promoting environmental and human welfare in protected areas, we focus on Integrated Conservation and Development Programs, an approach which seeks to find ‘win-win’ outcomes by supporting environmentally sustainable and profitable income generating sources. Counter, the predominant literature, we measure program effectiveness in terms of human welfare, accounted for by relative changes in household income and asset growth. Specifically, we seek to determine the additionality of Integrated Conservation and Development Programs in protected areas over the short run. Using a case study, additionality was determined by comparing two proximate reserves in the Brazilian Bolsa Floresta Programme that received the programme to varying degrees. An impact evaluation approach using parametric and non-parametric techniques was used, demonstrating key findings of no significant change in income and a large (65%) and significant effect on asset growth due to treatment under one matching approach. This dual result may be explained by the narrative where households reinvest program gains in productive assets. However, this narrative may overstate willingness to invest gains considering low levels of household education and risk aversion. Moreover, results in terms of asset growth are likely biased and overstated due to unobservable variable bias and remaining imbalance in key observables- particularly the amount of time participating in the direct cash transfer component of the Bolsa Floresta Programme. Evaluation at a later date when the program has had full potential to be implemented and adopted by households is recommended.

Main title:The effect of integrated conservation and development programs in protected areas on human wellbeing
Subtitle:an empirical analysis of Brazil’s bolsa floresta programme
Authors:Swartz, Elan
Supervisor:Surry, Yves
Examiner:Hess, Sebastian
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för ekonomi
Volume/Sequential designation:996
Year of Publication:2015
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:Other
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Keywords:additionality, Amazon, Brazil, conservation reserves, economics, human-wellbeing, ICDP, impact evaluation, matching, program evaluation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-5118
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-5118
Subjects:Economics and management
Language:English
Additional Information:Biträdande handledare: Jan Börner, University of Bonn, Department of Economics
Deposited On:09 Feb 2016 15:32
Metadata Last Modified:09 Feb 2016 15:32

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