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Valtonen Paulson, Camilla, 2013. Vårdhygien på infektionsavdelningar för smådjur – en intervjustudie. First cycle, G2E. Skara: SLU, Dept. of Animal Environment and Health

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The isolation facility is an important ward in veterinary hospitals. This is where infectious patients are treated in order to reduce the risk for cross-contamination between the infectious patients and other patients and humans in the hospital. But it can only function in a safe manner as long as adequate precautions for infection control are adhered to. This has shown to be a problem in many isolation facilities in veterinary hospitals in Sweden.

AIM: The aim of this paper was to examine which factors that can affect the quality of the infection control in the isolation facility. The aim is also to stress the importance of adequate infection control practices.

METHOD: Two interviews were conducted with staff from two veterinary hospitals. The interviews were recorded and transcribed and the data was then summarized and categorized.

RESULTS: There proved to be a significant difference in the infection control standards between the two veterinary hospitals. Many flaws regarding the infection control became evident in one of the veterinary hospitals. These flaws were mainly associated to the design of the ward, adherence to infection control practices and personnel issues. Reasons to the flaws showed to be lack of time, lack of written guidelines and lack of adherence, lack of role models and lack of knowledge, among others. Potential consequences of the flaws are cross-contamination and thus an increased risk for healthcare associated infections among the patients.
In contrast, infection control was clearly a priority in the other veterinary hospital that participated in this study. There were some flaws in this hospital too but not as extensive. There were written guidelines and all the staff got thorough instructions. There also seemed to be enough time in relation to the workload in the ward. These things seemed to be important factors that affected the quality of the infection control.

CONCLUSION: There are many factors that can affect the quality of the infection control. Examples are the design of the ward, the extent of the written guidelines, education, role models and resources in terms of time.
Adequate infection control practices have been shown to have a significant impact on reducing the risk for healthcare associated infections.

Main title:Vårdhygien på infektionsavdelningar för smådjur – en intervjustudie
Authors:Valtonen Paulson, Camilla
Supervisor:Palmgren Karlsson, Carina
Examiner:Hessle, Anna
Series:Studentarbete / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för husdjurens miljö och hälsa
Volume/Sequential designation:574
Year of Publication:2013
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:VK003 Veterinary Nursing - Bachelor's programme 180 HEC
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Environment and Health
Keywords:infektionsavdelning, vårdhygien, smådjur, vårdhygienrutiner, infektionskontroll, vårdrelaterade infektioner, infektion
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-3665
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-3665
Subjects:Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
Language:Swedish
Deposited On:01 Sep 2014 14:43
Metadata Last Modified:01 Sep 2014 14:43

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