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Zhao, Anan, 2013. Effects of temperature and heterobasidion species on the biological control efficacy of phlebiopsis gigantea. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology

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Abstract

Heterobasidion annosum sensu stricto is a damaging forest pathogen causing large economic losses to European forestry. The biological control agent Rotstop® made of Phlebiopsis gigantea oidia spores is effective on protecting freshly cut stump surfaces from H. annosum s.s. airborne infection. However, as a biological control method, Rotstop® may be sensitive to environmental factors. In this study, the effects from temperature and different Heterobasidion species on Rotstop® efficacy and Heterobasidion infection were studied both in controlled conditions (growth chamber) and in field conditions. In both situations, Rotstop® F and Rotstop® S were inoculated on freshly cut Norway spruce (Picea abies) surfaces to compete H. annosum and H. parviporum. Temperatures of the growing chambers were set at 5°C, 10°C, 15°C, 20°C and 25°C, while temperature in field condition was monitored. Colonization rate was measured and calculated on total surface, sapwood and heartwood. The identity of the originally inoculated strains was checked by somatic compatibility. The study results showed that temperature affected colonization of P. gigantea on all parts of slice; while it could affect colonization of Heterobasidion species on sapwood. P. gigantea was more sensitive to temperature shifts than Heterobasidion species.. H. parviporum was better at colonizing on Norway spruce than H. annosum in all parts of slice. Capacity of P.gigantea differed with Heterobasidion species. Both Rotstop® F and Rotstop® S could effectively reduce the colonization of Heterobasidion species, but they might have problems of protecting stump surface in cooler seasons, protecting heartwood area and competing with H. parviporum.

Main title:Effects of temperature and heterobasidion species on the biological control efficacy of phlebiopsis gigantea
Authors:Zhao, Anan
Supervisor:Oliva, Jonàs
Examiner:Dahlberg, Anders
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2013
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM012 Forest as Natural Resource - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
Keywords:Heartwood, Heterobasiodion species, Norway spruce (Picea abies), Rotstop, Sapwood
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-2834
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-2834
Subjects:Pests of plants
Forestry - General aspects
Language:English
Deposited On:18 Oct 2013 10:57
Metadata Last Modified:18 Oct 2013 10:57

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