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Marby, Davida, 2011. Analysis of MHC class II and monogenic eye diseases in the Scandinavian wolf population. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics

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Abstract

ABSTRACT.
In the late 1960’s all the wolves in Scandinavia went extinct in the wild due to extensive hunting. In 1983 two new wolves immigrated and founded, together with a third immigrant in 1991, the population that exists today. Due to the fact that the population originates from less than a handful of individuals, the genetic variation is small. Between the years 1973 and 2011, 23 wolves of the wolves that have been sampled for blood and tissue were used in this study. A hereditary form of blindness without a known genetic etiology has been reported among captive wolves in Sweden. In an attempt to find the disease-causing gene, the study population of wolves were analyzed for presence of disease-causing muta-tions in the following monogenic eye diseases; Gr_PRA1, Type-A PRA, Cord1, Prcd-PRA and PLL. The analysis of eye diseases was performed with either real time PCR (TaqMan) or capillary electrophoresis (ABIPrism 3100). To gain further understanding about the ge-netic complexity and degree of genetic variation in the Scandinavian wolf population, the wolves were also sampled and sequenced for their genetic variation in the MHC class II loci (DLA-DRB1, DLA,DQA1 and DLA-DQB1). In the monogenic eye tests all wolves tested normal, but this does not exclude the possibility that individuals in the population carry another mutation causing blindness. In MHC class II, eight haplotypes were found including eight DRB1, six DQA1 and seven DQB1 alleles. Compared to a common dog breed the Scandinavian wolf population has about half the MHC variation. Because of the lack of genetic variation, license hunting should be abandoned in favor of careful testing of genetic variation, and depending on the result, cautious selection of what animals to eu-thanize.
SAMMANFATTNING.
I slutet av sextiotalet utrotades alla vargar i Skandinavien på grund av omfattande jakt. 1983 immigrerade två vargar till Sverige och grundlade tillsammans med ytterligare en immigrant år 1991 den vargpopulation som finns idag. Eftersom populationen etablerades av så få vargar är den genetiska variationen liten. Mellan åren 1973 till 2011 provtogs var-gar för blod och vävnad varav 23 användes i denna studie . Vargar i fångenskap i Sverige lider av en ärftlig form av blindhet med okänd genetisk härkomst. I ett försök att finna den orsakande mutationen analyserades den provtagna populationen för sjukdomsorsakande mutationer i följande monogena ögonsjukdomar; Gr_PRA1, Typ-A PRA, Cord1, Prcd-PRA och PLL. Analysen av ögonsjukdomarna genomfördes med antingen realtids-PCR eller kapillärelektrofores. För att få ytterligare kunskap om den genetiska variationen hos vargarna utfördes en sekvensering av MHC klass II loci (DLA-DRB1, DLA,DQA1 och DLA-DQB1). För alla genetiska tester för ögonsjukdomar var vargarna normala. Hos MHC klass II fanns åtta haplotyper med åtta DRB1, sex DQA1 och sju DQB1 alleler. Jämfört med en vanlig hundras har den Skandinaviska vargpopulationen ungefär hälften av MHC variationen. På grund av den begränsade genetiska variationen borde licensjakt överges till förmån för grundliga tester för genetisk variation. Beroende på resultat skall djur noggrant utväljas för avlivning, eftersom det föreligger betydande risker att licensjakt kan resultera i ytterligare minskad genetisk variation.

Main title:Analysis of MHC class II and monogenic eye diseases in the Scandinavian wolf population
Authors:Marby, Davida
Supervisor:Bergström, Tomas and Andersson, Göran
Examiner:Marklund, Stefan
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för husdjursgenetik
Volume/Sequential designation:357
Year of Publication:2011
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:1010H Agriculture Programme - Animal Science 270 HEC
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Keywords:MHC class II, DLA, PRA, PLL, Canis lupus
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-2166
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-2166
Subjects:Animal genetics and breeding
Language:English
Deposited On:19 Apr 2013 13:31
Metadata Last Modified:15 Nov 2015 00:15

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